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The discovery of new antibiotics and other bioactive microbial metabolites continues to be an important objective in new drug research. Since extensive screening has led to the discovery of thousands of bioactive microbial molecules, new approaches must be taken in order to reduce the probability of rediscovering known compounds. The authors have recently(More)
Two novel Gram-positive, acidophilic bacterial strains were isolated from forest soil. According to their 16S rRNA gene sequences, these strains are related closely to each other and form a distinct cluster within the order Actinomycetales. They show the typical features of filamentous actinomycetes, with branched vegetative hyphae and production of aerial(More)
A novel, Gram-positive bacterial strain was isolated from forest soil. Among species with validly published names, the 16S rRNA gene sequence is related most closely (approx. 93 % similarity) to that of Sporichthya polymorpha DSM 43042(T). However, differently from this species, it forms both vegetative and aerial mycelia. The aerial hyphae are straight to(More)
The maize mutant lilliputian is characterized by miniature seedling stature, reduced cell elongation, and aberrant root anatomy. Here, we document that root cells of this mutant show several defects in the organization of actin filaments (AFs). Specifically, cells within the meristem lack dense perinuclear AF baskets and fail to redistribute AFs during(More)
PCR amplification of bacterial 16S rRNA genes provides the most comprehensive and flexible means of sampling bacterial communities. Sequence analysis of these cloned fragments can provide a qualitative and quantitative insight of the microbial population under scrutiny although this approach is not suited to large-scale screenings. Other methods, such as(More)
We present our results in the identification of polymorphic sites within the second exon of the human leukocyte antigen A (HLA-A) region using the DNA microarray technology. Allele specific detection was performed by polymerase chain reaction followed by ligase detection reaction (LDR) in combination with a universal array, a powerful method for high(More)
The shoot apical meristem (SAM), initially formed during embryogenesis, gives rise to the aboveground portion of the maize (Zea mays) plant. The shootless phenotype (sml) described here is caused by disruption of SAM formation due to the synergistic interaction of mutations at two genetic loci. Seedlings must be homozygous for both sml (shootmeristemless),(More)
In this report we describe two robust procedures for oligonucleotide microarray preparation based on polymeric coatings. The proposed chemical approaches include: 1) a glass functionalisation step with appropriate silanes (gamma-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-APTES or 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane-GOPS), 2) a coating step using polymers (poly-L-Lysine or(More)
Enzyme-mediated reactions are a useful tool in mutation detection when using a microarray format. Discriminating probes attached to the surface of a DNA chip have to be accessible to target DNA and to the enzyme (ligase or polymerase) that catalyses the formation of a new phosphodiester bond. This requires an appropriate chemical platform. Recently, an(More)
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