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Two novel derivatives of carnosine--(S)-trolox-L-carnosine (STC) and (R)-trolox-L-carnosine (RTC) are characterized in terms of their antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing activities as well as their resistance to serum carnosinase. STC and RTC were synthesized by N-acylation of L-carnosine with (S)- and (R)-trolox, respectively. STC and RTC were found to(More)
Activation of rat cerebellum granule cells by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA, 10(-4)-10(-3) M) results in progressive increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and suppression of the ouabain-sensitive part of Na/K-ATPase activity. When Na/K-ATPase was inhibited by high ouabain concentrations (10(-5)-5 x 10(-4) M), an increase in stationary ROS level in neuronal(More)
Two glutamate receptor agonists, NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartic acid) and ACPD (cis-(1S/3R)-1-aminocyclopentane- 1,3-dicarboxylic acid), induce the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in rat cerebellum granule cells, whereas the third one, 3-HPG (3-hydroxyphenylglycine), decreases this parameter. The simultaneous presence of 3-HPG, together with NMDA or(More)
Na/K-ATPase prepared from cerebellum granule cells of 10-12-day-old mice is inhibited by glutamate and its agonists, NMDA (ligand for ionotropic receptors) and ACPD (ligand for metabotropic receptors). The inhibition is specific and prevented by subsequent antagonists (MK-801 for ionotropic NMDA-receptors and MCPG for metabotropic receptors). The inhibiting(More)
Multiple lines of evidence demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in regulation of normal cell metabolism as second messengers. Under extreme conditions, these molecules induce oxidative stress, which may stimulate (or accompany) a number of neurodegenerative processes. In the glutamatergic system, ROS levels are under control of(More)
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