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The vgf gene has been identified as an energy homeostasis regulator. Vgf encodes a 617-aa precursor protein that is processed to yield an incompletely characterized panel of neuropeptides. Until now, it was an unproved assumption that VGF-derived peptides could regulate metabolism. Here, a VGF peptide designated TLQP-21 was identified in rat brain extracts(More)
Surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not necessarily decrease the risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA). The inflammatory response and relative changes in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines could participate in triggering the development of OA. To test this hypothesis we measured the concentrations of IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6,(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that TLQP-21 triggers lipolysis and induces resistance to obesity by reducing fat accumulation [1]. TLQP-21 is a 21 amino acid peptide cleavage product of the neuroprotein VGF and was first identified in rat brain. Although TLQP-21 biological activity and its molecular signaling is under active investigation, a receptor for TLQP-21(More)
Obestatin is a recently discovered 23 amino acids peptide derived from the ghrelin gene. As opposed to ghrelin, obestatin was shown to inhibit food intake in mice. The aims of this research were to study the effects of acute obestatin treatment on feeding behavior in the rat and its effects on GH and corticosterone secretion. Our results demonstrate that in(More)
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid gastric peptide that potently stimulates growth hormone (GH) secretion in vivo and in vitro. Ghrelin-expressing cells have been found in the oxyntic region of the stomach and in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. The aim of this work was to investigate the regional distribution and developmental changes in ghrelin mRNA(More)
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) are a class of small peptides that stimulate growth hormone (GH) release in several animal species, including the human. Moreover, GHRPs injected into the brain ventricles stimulate feeding in the rat. The aim of this study was to evaluate the GH-releasing properties of a series of novel GHRP analogs and the(More)
It has been reported that ghrelin exerts anticonvulsive effects in models of epilepsy. In this study we aimed to characterize the anticonvulsive activity of ghrelin and other growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR(1a)) ligands in rats exposed to status epilepticus induced by pilocarpine or kainate. Firstly, in three independent experiments, before(More)
Ghrelin is an acylated peptide recently isolated from rat and human stomach that potently stimulates GH release in vivo and in vitro in rats and humans. Ghrelin specifically activates the receptor for the growth hormone secretagogues (GHS) and it has been proposed that it may be the endogenous ligand mimicked by these synthetic compounds. Ghrelin is(More)
We have previously reported that a 7-d pretreatment with hexarelin, a synthetic ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), largely prevented damages induced by ischemia and reperfusion in isolated rat hearts. Our aim was to ascertain whether ghrelin, an endogenous ligand of the GHS-R, is physiologically endowed with cardioprotective activity.(More)
Ghrelin is an acylated peptide recently isolated from rat stomach that potently stimulates GH release in vitro and in vivo in rat and man. Ghrelin specifically activates the receptor for the growth hormone secretagogues (GHS-Rla), and it has been proposed as the endogenous ligand mimicked by these synthetic compounds. Very recently, it was shown in cells(More)