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The vgf gene has been identified as an energy homeostasis regulator. Vgf encodes a 617-aa precursor protein that is processed to yield an incompletely characterized panel of neuropeptides. Until now, it was an unproved assumption that VGF-derived peptides could regulate metabolism. Here, a VGF peptide designated TLQP-21 was identified in rat brain extracts(More)
Obestatin is a recently discovered 23 amino acids peptide derived from the ghrelin gene. As opposed to ghrelin, obestatin was shown to inhibit food intake in mice. The aims of this research were to study the effects of acute obestatin treatment on feeding behavior in the rat and its effects on GH and corticosterone secretion. Our results demonstrate that in(More)
Surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not necessarily decrease the risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA). The inflammatory response and relative changes in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines could participate in triggering the development of OA. To test this hypothesis we measured the concentrations of IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6,(More)
Energy homeostasis is controlled by a complex regulatory system of molecules that affect food intake and that are critical for maintaining a stable body weight during life. Ghrelin is a peptide of 28 amino acid synthesized predominantly by the stomach and the gut, which activate the type 1a growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor (GHS-R1a), a G-protein(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that TLQP-21 triggers lipolysis and induces resistance to obesity by reducing fat accumulation [1]. TLQP-21 is a 21 amino acid peptide cleavage product of the neuroprotein VGF and was first identified in rat brain. Although TLQP-21 biological activity and its molecular signaling is under active investigation, a receptor for TLQP-21(More)
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) are a class of small peptides that stimulate growth hormone (GH) release in several animal species, including the human. Moreover, GHRPs injected into the brain ventricles stimulate feeding in the rat. The aim of this study was to evaluate the GH-releasing properties of a series of novel GHRP analogs and the(More)
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid gastric peptide that potently stimulates growth hormone (GH) secretion in vivo and in vitro. Ghrelin-expressing cells have been found in the oxyntic region of the stomach and in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. The aim of this work was to investigate the regional distribution and developmental changes in ghrelin mRNA(More)
Concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid samples collected from patients with chronic meniscal tears were investigated. An acute inflammatory response is generally reported 24-48 h after knee injury, but the largest body of data available in literature concerns anterior cruciate ligament injury and very little information is(More)
Data from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and AD animal models demonstrate the accumulation of inflammatory microglia at sites of insoluble fibrillar beta-amyloid protein (fAbeta) deposition. It is known that fAbeta binds to CD36, a type B scavenger receptor also involved in internalization of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and initiate a(More)
We studied the effect of the acute central administration of obestatin on food intake and body weight in short-term starved male rats, and those of 28-day continuous intracerebroventricular (icv) infusion of obestatin in free feeding rats. In 16-h starved rats, obestatin induced a trend toward a reduction of food intake that did not reach statistical(More)