Elena Bresciani

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The vgf gene has been identified as an energy homeostasis regulator. Vgf encodes a 617-aa precursor protein that is processed to yield an incompletely characterized panel of neuropeptides. Until now, it was an unproved assumption that VGF-derived peptides could regulate metabolism. Here, a VGF peptide designated TLQP-21 was identified in rat brain extracts(More)
Data from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and AD animal models demonstrate the accumulation of inflammatory microglia at sites of insoluble fibrillar beta-amyloid protein (fAbeta) deposition. It is known that fAbeta binds to CD36, a type B scavenger receptor also involved in internalization of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and initiate a(More)
The peptides encoded by the VGF gene are gaining biomedical interest and are increasingly being scrutinized as biomarkers for human disease. An endocrine/neuromodulatory role for VGF peptides has been suggested but never demonstrated. Furthermore, no study has demonstrated so far the existence of a receptor-mediated mechanism for any VGF peptide. In the(More)
Obestatin is a recently discovered 23 amino acids peptide derived from the ghrelin gene. As opposed to ghrelin, obestatin was shown to inhibit food intake in mice. The aims of this research were to study the effects of acute obestatin treatment on feeding behavior in the rat and its effects on GH and corticosterone secretion. Our results demonstrate that in(More)
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) are a class of small peptides that stimulate growth hormone (GH) release in several animal species, including the human. Moreover, GHRPs injected into the brain ventricles stimulate feeding in the rat. The aim of this study was to evaluate the GH-releasing properties of a series of novel GHRP analogs and the(More)
We have previously reported that a 7-d pretreatment with hexarelin, a synthetic ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), largely prevented damages induced by ischemia and reperfusion in isolated rat hearts. Our aim was to ascertain whether ghrelin, an endogenous ligand of the GHS-R, is physiologically endowed with cardioprotective activity.(More)
The vgf gene regulates energy homeostasis and the VGF-derived peptide TLQP-21 centrally exerts catabolic effects in mice and hamsters. Here, we investigate the effect of chronic intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of TLQP-21 in mice fed high fat diet (HFD). Fast weight-gaining mice injected with the peptide or cerebrospinal fluid were selected for(More)
Concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid samples collected from patients with chronic meniscal tears were investigated. An acute inflammatory response is generally reported 24-48 h after knee injury, but the largest body of data available in literature concerns anterior cruciate ligament injury and very little information is(More)
Energy homeostasis is controlled by a complex regulatory system of molecules that affect food intake and that are critical for maintaining a stable body weight during life. Ghrelin is a peptide of 28 amino acid synthesized predominantly by the stomach and the gut, which activate the type 1a growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor (GHS-R1a), a G-protein(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that TLQP-21 triggers lipolysis and induces resistance to obesity by reducing fat accumulation [1]. TLQP-21 is a 21 amino acid peptide cleavage product of the neuroprotein VGF and was first identified in rat brain. Although TLQP-21 biological activity and its molecular signaling is under active investigation, a receptor for TLQP-21(More)