Elena Bianca Adamo

Learn More
Brain injury was induced by intraperitoneal administration of kainic acid (KA, 10 mg/kg). Animals were randomized to receive either IRFI 042 (20 mg/kg i.p.), a lipid peroxidation inhibitor, or its vehicle (NaCl 0.9% DMSO 10% 1 ml/kg i.p.) 30 min before KA administration. A first set of animals was sacrificed 6 h after KA injection to measure malondialdehyde(More)
The effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in diabetes-related healing defects were investigated by using an incisional skin-wound model produced on the back of female diabetic C57BL/KsJ-m(+/+)Lept(db) mice (db(+)/db(+)) and their normoglycemic littermates (db(+/+)m). Animals were treated with rHuEPO (400 units/kg in 100 microl s.c.) or its(More)
We investigated the serum levels of both receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) in postmenopausal healthy women after a 1-yr therapy with genistein, (n = 30; 54 mg/d), hormone replacement therapy (n = 30; 1 mg/d 17beta-estradiol combined with norethisterone acetate) and placebo (n = 30). By(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases affecting both neuronal and glial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of reactive oxygen species in glutamate-evoked activation of NF-kappaB in primary astrocytes. A prolonged exposure to glutamate (24 h) caused a depletion of intracellular glutathione(More)
Multiple factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis including environmental, life-style and genetic factors. Common variants in ESR2 gene encoding for ER-beta, highly expressed in bone tissue, have recently been proposed as candidates for affecting bone phenotype at the population level, particularly in postmenopausal women.(More)
Systemic administration of kainic acid causes inflammation and apoptosis in the brain, resulting in neuronal loss. Dual cyclooxygenase/5-lipoxygenase (COX/5-LOX) inhibitors could represent a possible neuroprotective approach in preventing glutamate excitotoxicity. Consequently, we investigated the effects of a dual inhibitor of COX/5-LOX following(More)
To investigate whether the formation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) influences erythropoietin (EPO) expression in physiological conditions, we injected into the left lateral cerebral ventricle of the Mongolian gerbil an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector capable of expressing the 165-amino-acid isoform of VEGF (VEGF165). Twelve and 18 days(More)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a chronic condition common in older men that can result in bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms. The molecular mechanisms and networks underlying the development and the progression of the disease are still far from being fully understood. BPH results from smooth muscle cell and epithelial cell proliferation,(More)
Genistein aglycone, one of the soy isoflavones, has been reported to be beneficial in the treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases, as well as in a variety of cancers. However, issues of potential harm on thyroid function resulting from soy isoflavones consumption have been raised. Much of the evidence for the(More)
In rat duodenal segments in vitro, electrical field stimulation induced a TTX-sensitive relaxation in the presence of atropine and guanethidine. A correlation between the amplitude of the evoked response and stimulus frequency was observed. Opioid peptides DAGO, DPDPE and DYN caused a dose-dependent increase in the amplitude of the response to EFS. Naloxone(More)