Elena B Rydkina

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We describe the characterization of a novel Rickettsia species cultivated from Dermacentor ticks collected in Russia and France, for which we propose the name Rickettsia raoultii sp. nov. Using multigene sequencing, we demonstrated that five rickettsial isolates from Dermacentor silvarum, Dermacentor reticulatus, Dermacentor marginatus and Dermacentor(More)
In order to investigate human-louse phylogeny, we partially sequenced two nuclear (18S rRNA and EF-1 alpha) and one mitochondrial (COI) genes from 155 Pediculus from different geographical origins. The phylogenetic analysis of 18S rRNA and EF-1 alpha sequences showed that human lice were classified into lice from Sub-Saharan Africa and lice from other(More)
Pathogenic Rickettsia species are Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria responsible for the spotted fever and typhus groups of diseases around the world. It is now well established that a majority of sequelae associated with human rickettsioses are the outcome of the pathogen's affinity for endothelium lining the blood vessels, the consequences of(More)
BACKGROUND Manipulation of host cell death is an important determinant of the outcome of an infection. Here, we investigate whether Rickettsia rickettsii-infected host endothelial cells resist the effects of staurosporine, a potent inducer of apoptosis, and we explore the mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effect of infection. METHODS Human(More)
Infection of endothelial cells (EC) with Rickettsia rickettsii results in Rocky Mountain spotted fever, an acute illness characterized by systemic inflammation. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are important chemokines for activating neutrophils and monocytes, respectively, and recruiting these circulating immune cells to(More)
Senescent cells (SCs) have been considered a source of age-related chronic sterile systemic inflammation and a target for anti-aging therapies. To understand mechanisms controlling the amount of SCs, we analyzed the phenomenon of rapid clearance of human senescent fibroblasts implanted into SCID mice, which can be overcome when SCs were embedded into(More)
The Gram-negative intracellular bacteria Rickettsia conorii and Rickettsia typhi are the aetiological agents of Mediterranean spotted fever and endemic typhus, respectively, in humans. Infection of endothelial cells (ECs) lining vessel walls, and the resultant vascular inflammation and haemostatic alterations are salient pathogenetic features of both of(More)
Although inflammation and altered barrier functions of the vasculature, due predominantly to the infection of endothelial cell lining of small and medium-sized blood vessels, represent salient pathological features of human rickettsioses, the interactions between pathogenic rickettsiae and microvascular endothelial cells remain poorly understood. We have(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) lining the blood vessels are the preferred primary targets of pathogenic Rickettsia species in the host. In response to oxidative stress triggered by infection, ECs launch defense mechanisms such as expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Previous evidence from an established animal model of Rocky Mountain spotted fever also(More)