Elena B. Lomakina

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Aspects of neutrophil mechanical behavior relevant to the formation of adhesive contacts were assessed by measuring the dependence of the contact area between the cell and a spherical substrate under controlled loading. Micropipettes were used to bring neutrophils into contact with spherical beads under known forces, and the corresponding contact area was(More)
To exit blood vessels, most (∼80%) of the lumenally adhered monocytes and neutrophils crawl toward locations that support transmigration. Using intravital confocal microscopy of anesthetized mouse cremaster muscle, we separately examined the crawling and emigration patterns of monocytes and neutrophils in blood-perfused unstimulated or TNF-α-activated(More)
The efficient trafficking of immune cells into peripheral nonlymphoid tissues is key to enact their protective functions. Despite considerable advances in our understanding of cell migration in secondary lymphoid organs, real-time leukocyte recruitment into inflamed tissues is not well characterized. The conventional multistep paradigm of leukocyte(More)
Two key characteristics of the inflammatory response are the recruitment of leukocytes to inflamed tissue as well as changes in vessel permeability. We explored the relationship between these two processes using intravital confocal microscopy in cremasters of anesthetized (65 mg/kg Nembutal ip) mice. We provide direct evidence that intercellular adhesion(More)
Changing affinity of β2-integrins on neutrophils for their ligands on endothelium is a critical, regulated step in the inflammatory response. In this report, the dynamics of the neutrophil response to the inflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) is examined. Human IL-8 was immobilized on beads and brought into contact with neutrophils selected from whole(More)
Strong, integrin-mediated adhesion of neutrophils to endothelium during inflammation is a dynamic process, requiring a conformational change in the integrin molecule to increase its affinity for its endothelial counterreceptors. To avoid general activation of the cell, Mg(2+) was used to induce the high-affinity integrin conformation, and micromechanical(More)
The dynamic response of neutrophils to interleukin-8 (IL-8) is of central interest in inflammation. Chemokine -induced β(2) integrin dependent adhesion can take several minutes after initial contact with IL-8 as evidenced by increased cell adhesion to intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). The goal of this study is to identify signaling events that are(More)
Adhesive interactions between neutrophils and endothelium involve chemokine-induced neutrophil spreading and subsequent crawling on the endothelium to sites of transmigration. We investigated the importance of cell topography in this process using immunofluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, and live-cell imaging using total internal reflectance(More)
The morphological study showed that the single injection of HMP (Hydra Morphogen Peptide) facilitated the development of the myocardium hypertrophy. This effect is expressed in the subendocardial layer most of all, where the normalization of the relative volume and diameter of the cardiomyocytes and the decrease of the connective tissue oedema are noted.(More)