Elena B. Elkin

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BACKGROUND Decision curve analysis is a novel method for evaluating diagnostic tests, prediction models and molecular markers. It combines the mathematical simplicity of accuracy measures, such as sensitivity and specificity, with the clinical applicability of decision analytic approaches. Most critically, decision curve analysis can be applied directly to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the patterns of care in elderly glioblastoma (GBM) patients from a large population-based registry. METHODS We identified a cohort of GBM patients 65 years or older from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry data linked with Medicare claims between 1994 and 2002. We assessed the impact of demographic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of preference assessment method on treatment recommended by an individualized decision-analytic model for early prostate cancer. METHODS Health state preferences were elicited by time tradeoff, rating scale, and a power transformation of the rating scale from 63 men ages 55 to 75. The authors used these values in a Markov(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To develop and validate a model for estimating the risk of lung cancer death in current and former smokers. The model is intended for use in analyzing a population of subjects who are undergoing lung cancer screening or receiving lung cancer chemoprevention, to determine whether the intervention has altered lung cancer mortality. (More)
BACKGROUND Testing technologies are increasingly used to target cancer therapies. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing to target trastuzumab for patients with breast cancer provides insights into the evidence needed for emerging testing technologies. METHODS The authors reviewed literature on HER2 test utilization and cost effectiveness(More)
To assess the impact of mammography capacity on appointment wait times. We surveyed by telephone all mammography facilities federally certified in 2008 in California, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, New Mexico, and New York using a simulated patient format. County-level mammography capacity, defined as the number of mammography machines per 10,000 women aged 40(More)
BACKGROUND Medicare managed care may offer enrollees lower out-of-pocket costs and provide benefits that are not available in the traditional fee-for-service Medicare program. However, managed care plans may also restrict provider choice in an effort to control costs. We compared rates of voluntary disenrollment from Medicare managed care to traditional(More)
BACKGROUND Expert groups and national guidelines recommend individualized decision making about screening mammography for women in their 40s at low-to-average risk of breast cancer. We created Breast Screening Decisions (BSD), a personalized, web-based decision aid, to help women decide when to start and how often to have routine screening mammograms. We(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in treatment have increased childhood cancer 5-year survival rates to greater than 80%. However, children previously treated with radiation are at significantly increased risk of developing subsequent neoplasms, the most common of which are skin cancers. The National Cancer Institute and Children's Oncology Group have issued(More)