Elena Anastasiou

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Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes that are genetically controlled. In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is thought to be an effective mechanism for measuring primordium size, yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CYP78A5 as a stimulator of plant organ growth. While klu(More)
Seed development in plants involves the coordinated growth of the embryo, endosperm, and maternal tissue. Several genes have been identified that influence seed size by acting maternally, such as AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR2, APETALA2, and DA1. However, given the lack of gain-of-function effects of these genes on seed size, it is unclear whether their activity(More)
Organ growth up to a species-specific size is tightly regulated in plants and animals. Final organ size is remarkably constant within a given species, suggesting that a species-specific size checkpoint terminates organ growth in a coordinated and timely manner. Phytohormones influence plant organ size, but their precise functions in size control are unclear(More)
Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes and shapes that are dictated by the plant's genotype and the identity of the organ. Significant progress has been made in identifying and characterizing regulatory factors that promote organ growth, which act either on cell proliferation or on cell expansion. Their activity is antagonized by repressors of growth(More)
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