Elena Alvárez-Barón

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Synaptotagmins are a large family of membrane-trafficking proteins. They are evolutionarily conserved and have 15 members in rodents and humans. Synaptotagmins-1, -2, and -9, are known to have an essential role as calcium sensors for fast synaptic release. Synaptotagmin-7 is a major calcium sensor for the exocytosis of large secretory vesicles in endocrine(More)
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare form of severe unihemispheric epilepsy established to be an autoimmune disease. Here we demonstrate the presence of autoantibodies against Munc18-1 in 20% of patients collective with biopsy-proven RE. Intriguingly, brain biopsy specimens of these patients showed a striking perivascular accentuated infiltration of(More)
Active zones are specialized areas of the plasma membrane in the presynaptic nerve terminal that mediate neurotransmitter release and synaptic plasticity. The multidomain proteins RIM1 and RIM2 are integral components of the cytomatrix at the active zone, interacting with most other active zone-enriched proteins as well as synaptic vesicle proteins. In the(More)
The large isoforms of the Rab3 interacting molecule (RIM) family, RIM1α/β and RIM2α/β, have been shown to be centrally involved in mediating presynaptic active zone function. The RIM protein family contains two additional small isoforms, RIM3γ and RIM4γ, which are composed only of the RIM-specific C-terminal C2B domain and varying N-terminal sequences and(More)
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