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The effects of preconditioning using mild repetitive hypobaric hypoxia (360 Torr for 2 h each of 3 days) have been studied in the learned helplessness model of depression in rats. Male Wistar rats displayed persistent depressive symptoms (depressive-like behaviour in open field, increased anxiety levels in elevated plus maze, ahedonia, elevated plasma(More)
Prenatal stress strengthens tonic pain and provokes depression. The serotoninergic system is involved in these processes. We recently showed that maternal buspirone, a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, protects against the adverse effects of in utero stress on depression and pain in adult rat offspring. Using a similar maternal treatment with buspirone, we focus(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) plays a pivotal role in neural development, regeneration, synaptic plasticity, and memory processes. P2 is a 12-amino-acid peptide derived from the second immunoglobulin-like (Ig) module of NCAM mediating cis-homophilic interactions between NCAM molecules present on the same cell. P2 is a potent NCAM agonist, capable(More)
We reported a perspective animal model of neurodevelopmental disorders using rats prenatally exposed to an inhibitor of serotonin (5HT) synthesis, para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). Earlier, we demonstrated that prenatal exposure to PCPA caused fetal 5HT depletion and changes both in open field activity and in depression-related behavior, as well as(More)
Previous studies found that stressful events during pregnancy can alter the offspring's pain sensitivity to the phasic nociceptive stimuli. The present data constitute the first demonstration of the consequences of prenatal stress to formalin-induced pain in juvenile rats. Injection of formalin into a hind paw of a 25-day-old rat that had not been stressed(More)
Previous investigations from our laboratory demonstrated that prenatal stress exacerbates inflammatory pain-related behavior in adult rats and that fetal serotonin (5-HT) is involved in this phenomenon. In the present study we test the hypothesis that injections of buspirone, a 5-HT1A agonist, to rat dams before restraint stress during the last week of(More)
The aim of this work was to study the effects of prenatal stress on nociceptive responses in the formalin test in female and male infant (7-day-old) Long-Evans hooded rats. Prenatally stressed infant rats displayed biphasic flinching+ shaking behavior whereas non-stressed animals showed only a weak second phase. Pain sensitivity in prenatally stressed males(More)
The long-term effects of restraint stress in Wistar rats during the last week of gestation were investigated on the acute and tonic phases of the specific biphasic nociceptive behavioral response in the formalin test in offspring, females and males, at 90 days. Prenatal stress produced significant changes in formalin-induced pain, which was more pronounced(More)
Results were obtained from comparative studies of skin pain sensitivity (pain thresholds) using focused ultrasound in 51 healthy men and 101 patients with neurasthenia. Neurasthenia is a natural "model" of chronic psychoemotional stress, and patients showed a reduction in the pain threshold which was not accompanied by a reduction in the threshold of(More)