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300 Proteasome is a multisubunit protein complex that exhibits proteolytic activity and is present in the nuclei and cytoplasm of cells. The 20S proteasome, which has a molecular weight of 700 kDa and a sedimentaa tion coefficient of 20S, is present as a proteolytic core in a more complex particle, the 26S proteasome . The degradation of proteins in the… (More)
To better characterize the roles of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in physiological and pathophysiological processes, there is an important need to learn more about the structural features relevant to the design of novel, high-affinity ligands that are family and subtype specific. To date, many of the biological studies that have been conducted… (More)
A comparative study of the neuroprotective and nootropic activities of two pharmaceutical substances, the HLDF-6 peptide (HLDF-6-OH) and its amide form (HLDF-6-NH2), was conducted. The study was performed in male rats using two models of a neurodegenerative disorder. Cognitive deficit in rats was induced by injection of the beta-amyloid fragment 25-35 (βA… (More)
A photochemical approach to the synthesis of the aminobicycloheptane 6a is reported. This compound assumes an extended glutamate conformation, and for this reason was created to further probe the structural features relevant to achieving selectivity for the subtypes of the metabotropic glutamate family of receptors.
The synthesis of the 1-amino derivative of (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid (1-amino-APDC), a selective metabotropic glutamate ligand, is disclosed. This compound acts as a partial agonist of the group II mGluRs and shows pronounced neuroprotective properties in the NMDA model of cell toxicity.
Metabotropic glutamate receptors mGluR1 and mGluR5 stimulate phospholipase C, leading to an increased inositol trisphosphate level and to Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. Cyclothiazide (CTZ), known as a blocker of AMPA receptor desensitization, produced a non-competitive inhibition of [Ca(2+)](i) increases induced by mGluR agonists in HEK 293 cells… (More)
In CHO-K1 cells, heat shock strongly activated reporter-gene expression driven by the cytomegalovirus immediate-early (CMV-IE) promoter from adenoviral and plasmid vectors. Heat shock treatment (2h at 42.5 °C) significantly enhanced the promoter DNA-binding activity in nuclear extracts. In CHO cells expressing mGluR1a and mGluR5a receptors under the control… (More)
Protein B23/nucleophosmin is a polyfunctional protein existing in cells in numerous structural forms. In this work, for the immunochemical analysis of nucleophosmin we used the antibodies specific to different forms of nucleophosmin, namely, antibodies selectively revealing monomers of all the known forms of this protein and antibodies specific only to… (More)
The neuroprotective effect of Thr-Gly-Glu-Asn-His-Arg hexapeptide (HLDF-6), a biologically active fragment of the differentiation factor of human leukemia cells (HLDF), was demonstrated on models of Alzheimer's disease in vivo and in vitro. The syndromes of this pathology were induced in male rats by administration of the peptide corresponding to the 25-35… (More)
Syntheses of both the alpha-methyl and benzyl analogs of quisqualic acid are described. Testing of these compounds for their activity at excitatory amino acid receptors revealed a striking change in activity in comparison to quisqualic acid. This structural modification results in the loss of quisqualate's potent agonist action at both non-NMDA ionotropic… (More)