Elena A Morachevskaya

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Cholesterol is a critical regulator of lipid bilayer dynamics and plasma membrane organization in eukaryotes. A variety of ion channels have been shown to be modulated by cellular cholesterol and partition into cholesterol-enriched membrane rafts. However, very little is known about functional role of membrane cholesterol in regulation of mechanically gated(More)
Modulations of ion channel activity underlie rapid changes in membrane transport of cations in various nonexcitable cells. Previously, in smooth muscle cells, macrophages, lymphocytes, carcinoma and leukemia cell lines, non-voltage-gated sodium (NVGS) channels have been found. The activity of NVGS channels was shown to be critically dependent on the(More)
This study focuses on the functional role of cellular cholesterol in the regulation of mechanosensitive cation channels activated by stretch in human leukaemia K562 cells. The patch-clamp method was employed to examine the effect of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD), a synthetic cholesterol-sequestering agent, on stretch-activated single currents. We found(More)
Mechanosensitive channels in various eucaryotic cells are thought to be functionally and structurally coupled to the cortical cytoskeleton. However, the results of electrophysiological studies are rather controversial and the functional impact of cytoskeleton assembly-disassembly on stretch-activated channel properties remains unclear. Here, the possible(More)
Ion transport in various tissues can be regulated by the cortical actin cytoskeleton. Specifically, involvement of actin dynamics in the regulation of nonvoltage-gated sodium channels has been shown. Herein, inside-out patch clamp experiments were performed to study the effect of the heterodimeric actin capping protein CapZ on sodium channel regulation in(More)
In the present paper, functional properties of nonvoltage-gated sodium channels in K562 cells were studied after cholesterol depletion, i.e., under conditions of the destruction of microdomains (rafts). For cholesterol depletion, cells were incubated with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbCD), an oligosaccharide that selectively binds sterols. Single currents(More)
Cholesterol is a major lipid component of the plasma membrane that plays an important role in various signaling processes in mammalian cells. Our study is focused on the role of membrane cholesterol in the organization and dynamics of actin cytoskeleton. Experiments were performed on cultured transformed cells characterized by a poorly developed actin(More)
Membrane cholesterol and lipid rafts are implicated in various signalling processes involving actin rearrangement in living cells. However, functional link between raft integrity and organisation of cytoskeleton remains unclear. We have compared the effect of cholesterol sequestration on F-actin structures in normal and transformed fibroblasts in which(More)
Compelling evidence shows that intracellular free magnesium [Mg(2+)](i) may be a critical regulator of cell activity in eukaryotes. However, membrane transport mechanisms mediating Mg(2+) influx in mammalian cells are poorly understood. Here, we show that mechanosensitive (MS) cationic channels activated by stretch are permeable for Mg(2+) ions at different(More)
The major players in the processes of cellular mechanotransduction are considered to be mechanosensitive (MS) or mechano-gated ion channels. Non-selective Ca(2+)-permeable channels, whose activity is directly controlled by membrane stretch (stretch-activated channels, SACs) are ubiquitously present in mammalian cells of different origin. Ca(2+) entry(More)