Elena A. Belyaeva

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There is dose-dependent Cd(2+)-evoked swelling of isolated rat liver mitochondria energized by complex I, II, or IV respiratory substrates in sucrose medium in the absence of added Ca(2+) and P(i), which is prevented by Sr(2+). Permeability transition effectors (ADP, CsA, EGTA, RR, DTT, ATR, P(i), and Ca(2+)) affect in a corresponding way Cd(2+)-promoted(More)
Using AS-30D rat ascites hepatoma cells, we studied the modulating action of various antioxidants, inhibitors of mitochondrial permeability transition pore and inhibitors of the respiratory chain on Cd(2+)-produced cytotoxicity. It was found that Cd(2+) induced both necrosis and apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent way. This cell injury involved(More)
The mechanisms of toxic effects of divalent cations of three heavy metals Hg, Cd and Cu in rat ascites hepatoma AS-30D cells cultivated in vitro were compared. It was found that the toxicity of these ions, applied in the micromolar range (10-500 microM), decreased from Hg(2+) (most toxic) to Cu(2+) (least toxic). Hg(2+) and Cd(2+) produced a high percentage(More)
We have studied Cd2+-induced effects on mitochondrial respiration and swelling in various media as a function of the [Cd2+] in the presence or absence of different bivalent metal ions or ruthenium red (RR). It was confirmed by monitoring oxygen consumption by isolated rat liver mitochondria that, beginning from 5 microM, Cd2+ decreased both ADP and(More)
Cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and copper (Cu) are very toxic environmental pollutants that exert their cytotoxic effects as cations by targeting mitochondria. To further underscore molecular mechanism(s) underlying the heavy metal-induced mitochondrial dysfunction we continued to compare the action of Cd, Hg and Cu using a simple and convenient in vitro model,(More)
The objective of this study is to elucidate the role of mitochondria in reversible metabolic depression of hepatocytes of the Baltic lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis) taking place in the last year of its life cycle and to compare their main bioenergetic parameters with those of the frog (Rana temporaria) and the white outbred mouse (Mus musculus). Using(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the protective action of stigmatellin (an inhibitor of complex III of mitochondrial electron transport chain, mtETC) against the heavy metal-induced cytotoxicity, we tested its effectiveness against mitochondrial membrane permeabilization produced by heavy metal ions Cd²(+), Hg²(+), Cu²(+) and Zn²(+), as well as by(More)
We compared action of Cd(2+), Hg(2+), and Cu(2+) on isolated rat liver mitochondria in the absence of added Ca(2+) and P(i). The heavy-metal ions produced dose-dependently: (1) enhanced membrane permeabilization manifested in mitochondrial swelling and activation of basal respiration, (2) inhibition of uncoupler-stimulated respiration, and (3) membrane(More)
We attempted to discern discrete sites of Cd2+ deleterious action on rat liver mitochondrial function. In particular, EGTA, ADP, and cyclosporin A (potent mitochondrial permeability transition antagonists) affected mainly Cd2+-induced changes in resting state respiration, eliminating its stimulation in KCl medium, while dithiothreitol (DTT, a dithiol(More)
The work dealt with study of mitochondria in reversible metabolic suppression of heap-tocytes of the river lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis in the course of prespawning starvation and of liver mitochondria of the common frog Rana temporaria during hibernation and activity. In winter the metabolic depression of lamprey hepatocytes, unlike that of frog(More)