Elena Álvarez-Martín

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OBJECTIVE To provide a comprehensive and detailed overview of the burden of disease in Spain for 2008. Implications for public health policies are discussed. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional population-based study. METHODS Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were calculated at country level using the methodology developed in the Global Burden of Disease(More)
BACKGROUND Measures of premature mortality have been used to guide debates on future health priorities and to monitor the population health status. Standard expected years of life lost (SEYLL) is one of the methods used to assess the time lost due to premature death. This article affords an overview of premature mortality in Spain for the year 2008. (More)
OBJECTIVE This article analyses the burden of disease in adolescents and young people in Spain in 2008. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional population-based study. We estimated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by sex and cause for subjects aged 15-29 years. Data sources were used: 1) National death records by age, sex and cause; 2) Population(More)
BACKGROUND The allocation of limited available healthcare resources demands an agreed rational allocation principle and the consequent priority setting. We assessed the association between economic evaluations of healthcare interventions published in Spain (1983-2008) and the disease burden in the population. METHODS Electronic databases (e.g.,(More)
BACKGROUND Burden of disease is a joint measure of mortality and morbidity which makes it easier to compare health problems in which these two components enjoy different degrees of relative importance. The objective of this study is ascertaining the burden of disease due to cancer in Spain via the calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to determine the national burden of cerebrovascular diseases in the adult population of Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cross-sectional, descriptive population-based study. We calculated the disability-adjusted life years (DALY) metric using country-specific data from national statistics and(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1995, approval for many new medicinal products has been obtained through a centralized procedure in the European Union. In recent years, the use of summary measures of population health has become widespread. We investigated whether efforts to develop innovative medicines are focusing on the most relevant conditions from a global public(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain anti-influenza vaccination coverage and factors associated with anti-influenza vaccination among Spanish children. METHODS We analyzed 6464 children (age under 16 years) included in the Spanish National Health Survey (ENS) for 2003. As a dependent variable, we used the reply ("yes" or "no") to the question: Was your child(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the burden of disease in the elderly population in Spain in 2008. METHODS A population-based cross-sectional study was performed to calculate the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of the Spanish population aged ≥ 60 years old. DALYs are the sum of the number of years of life lost (YLLs) and the number of years lived with(More)
BACKGROUND There exists the need to evaluate interventions addressed to prevent, control and reduce the burden of the infectious diseases; being economic evaluation an instrument can help to allocate healthcare resources efficiently. In this context, we assessed the evolution of economic evaluation of interventions for infectious diseases published in(More)