Elen C T Landucci

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Piratoxin-I (PrTX-I) is a Lys-49 phospholipase (PLA(2)) homologue, isolated from Bothrops pirajai snake venom, that has no phospholipase activity. In this study, we investigated the in vivo oedematogenic activity of PrTX-I in both the rat and the rabbit as well as the ability of PrTX-I to activate rat mast cells in vitro. In the rat paw and skin, PrTX-I(More)
Snake venom phospholipases A2 (PLA2) show a remarkable functional diversity. Among their toxic activities, some display the ability to cause rapid necrosis of skeletal muscle fibers, thus being myotoxic PLA2s. Besides myotoxicity, these enzymes evoke conspicuous inflammatory and nociceptive events in experimental models. Local inflammation and pain are(More)
1. The effect of purified crotapotin, a non-toxic non-enzymatic chaperon protein normally complexed to a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in South America rattlesnake venom, was studied in the acute inflammatory response induced by carrageenin (1 mg/paw), compound 48/80 (3 micrograms/paw) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (3 micrograms/paw) in the rat hind-paw. The(More)
Respiratory complications are major factors contributing to death in acute pancreatitis. However, the mechanisms of these pulmonary complications are not completely elucidated. We studied the effects of pretreatment with purified crotapotin (a phospholipase A2 inhibitor), N-acetylcysteine (a reactive oxygen species inhibitor), and a combination of both on(More)
Physical exercise reduces the deleterious effects of cardiovascular and inflammatory disorders. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the beneficial effects of physical training on the inflammatory responses following lung ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into sham-operated animals and sedentary and trained(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of bothropstoxin-II (BthTX-II), a myotoxin isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom, is reported. The results show that BthTX-II is an Asp-49 phospholipase A2 (PLA2)-like protein composed of a single polypeptide chain of 120 amino acid residues (Mr = 13,976), containing one methionine and 14 half-cystines. Despite a(More)
OBJECTIVES Secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) induce acute pancreatitis when injected into the common bile duct of rats. Substance P via neurokinin 1 (NK-1) receptors and bradykinin via B2 receptors are described to play important roles in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of substance P and(More)
Bothropstoxin-I and bothropstoxin-II are phospholipase A2 homologues isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom. The former is devoid of phospholipase A2 activity whereas the latter has very low enzymatic activity. In this study, we have investigated the in vivo (rat paw and skin oedema) and in vitro (mast cell degranulation) inflammatory effects caused(More)
This study was designed to elucidate the signalling pathways by which secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) induce in vitro neutrophil migration. The cell migration assays were performed with Naja mocambique venom PLA2 (sPLA2 with high catalytic activity), bothropstoxin-I (sPLA2 devoid of catalytic activity) and platelet-activating factor (PAF), using a(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of type I- (porcine pancreas and Naja mocambique mocambique venom), type II- (bothropstoxin-I, bothropstoxin-II, and piratoxin-I), and type III- (Apis mellifera venom) secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) to induce human neutrophil chemotaxis, and the role of the cell surface proteoglycans, leukotriene B4(More)