Eleftheris Economou

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To identify DNA polymorphisms that are abundant in the human genome and are detectable by polymerase chain reaction amplification of genomic DNA, we tested the hypothesis that the polydeoxyadenylate tract of the Alu family of repetitive elements is polymorphic among human chromosomes. We analyzed the 3' ends of three specific Alu sequences and found that(More)
A (GT)n repeat in intron 4 of the functional human HMG14 gene on chromosome 21 was used as polymorphic marker to map this gene relative to the genetic linkage map of human chromosome 21. Variation in the length of the (GT)n repeat was detected by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels of DNA amplified by the polymerase chain reaction using primers flanking(More)
The origin of nondisjunction in trisomy 21 has so far been studied using cytogenetic heteromorphisms and DNA polymorphisms using Southern blot analysis. Short sequence repeats have recently been described as an abundant class of DNA polymorphisms in the human genome, which can be typed using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. We describe the(More)
Single nucleotide substitutions in the promoter regions of the A gamma- and G gamma-globin genes have been associated with increased fetal hemoglobin (HbF) production. We wished to determine whether these or other unrecognized substitutions in the gamma promoter regions are responsible for the 20-fold variation in HbF production in sickle cell patients or(More)
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited disorder characterized by bilateral acute or subacute loss of central vision, primarily in young males. A G----A single base mutation at 11778nt of the mitochondrial genome which eliminates a SfaNI restriction site [Wallace et al., 1988; Holt et al., 1989; Hotta et al., 1989; Singh et al.,(More)
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