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Coronary computed tomographic angiography allows direct evaluation of the vessel wall and thus positive remodeling, which is a marker of vulnerability. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between positive remodeling on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) and vulnerable plaque characteristics on virtual histologic intravascular ultrasound(More)
To evaluate the regional association between vessel wall morphology [i.e. cross-sectional vessel wall area (VWA)] and function [i.e. wall stiffness expressed in the pulse wave velocity (PWV)] in both the aortic arch and the left carotid artery. Thirty-two healthy volunteers (mean age 41 ± 16 years) underwent 3T MRI examination to assess PWV and VWA of the(More)
PURPOSE Currently, a multi-contrast protocol, including a combination of five MR-sequences is used as reference standard for morphologic imaging and quantitative measurements of the carotid artery vessel wall. The purpose of this study is to investigate the scan-rescan reproducibility together with intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of each of the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS), increased aortic wall stiffening may lead to progressive aortic dilatation. Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV), a marker of wall stiffness can be assessed regionally, using in-plane multi-directional velocity-encoded MRI. This study examined the diagnostic accuracy of regional PWV for prediction of regional(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of spatial (ie, number of sampling locations along the aorta) and temporal sampling density on aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) assessment from velocity-encoded MRI in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three MFS patients (12 men, mean age 36 ± 14 years) were included. Three PWV-methods were(More)
PURPOSE To explore differences in arterial stiffness of the aorta and carotid artery, assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), to evaluate the blood flow volume distribution towards the carotid circulation and to assess the effect of aging on the coupling between aortic and carotid PWV using velocity-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the vessel wall enables determination of luminal area, vessel wall thickness, and atherosclerotic plaque characteristics. For clinical application, high spatial resolution, derived from optimal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), is paramount. Vessel wall MRI is expected to benefit(More)
AIMS Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is potentially life-threatening and requires close follow-up to prevent aortic dissection. Aortic stiffness and size are considered to be coupled. Regional aortic stiffness in patients with TAA is unknown. We aimed to evaluate coupling between regional pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of vascular stiffness, and aortic(More)
Introduction The leading cause of premature death in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) is aortic dissection and subsequent rupture after progressive aorta dilatation due to increased wall stiffening. Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV), defined as the systolic flow velocity wave front propagation speed through the aorta, is a marker of wall stiffness with proven(More)
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has made tremendous advances over the past years, providing accurate evaluation of left ventricular mass, volumes and function [1–4]. CMR has shown unique abilities in characterizing myocardial tissue composition. In particular, high-resolution contrast-enhanced CMR has been used to visualize myocardial fibrosis with(More)
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