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BACKGROUND A major challenge for determining the effectiveness of community-based continence promotion campaigns is recruitment of a representative sample of incontinent participants who have not previously sought care. PURPOSE To evaluate the efficiency of engaging community organisations as catalysts for recruitment of community-dwelling older women… (More)
OBJECTIVES The primary objective of this cluster randomised controlled trial was to compare the effectiveness of the three experimental continence promotion interventions against a control intervention on urinary symptom improvement in older women with untreated incontinence recruited from community organisations. A second objective was to determine whether… (More)
PURPOSE This paper describes a project to develop and clinically evaluate a novel toileting device for women called the Non-Invasive Continence Management System (NICMS). The NICMS device is designed to provide an alternative toileting facility that overcomes problems some women experience when using conventional female urinals. DESIGN A single product… (More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the performance of prototype underwear designed to detect urine leakage from continence pads, their acceptability to users, and their effect on health-related quality of life and psychosocial factors. DESIGN Prototype product evaluation. SUBJECTS AND SETTING Participants were 81 women with an average age of 67 years (range, 32-98… (More)
A sensor and electronics system is described that monitors the leakage of urine from continence pads into surrounding underwear. Urinary incontinence is involuntary loss of urine and occurs when the bladder muscles contract without warning or the sphincter muscles surrounding the urethra are too weak to prevent leakage. The system comprises a wetness sensor… (More)
Margaret Macaulay and colleagues describe the range of female urinals currently available, provide guidance on product selection and introduce a novel device designed to overcome some of the limitations of conventional urinals.
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence occurs in 40 % of women aged 65 years and over; however, only 15 % seek care and many delay healthcare seeking for years. Incontinence is associated with depression, social isolation, reduced quality of life, falls and other comorbidities. It is accompanied by an enormous cost to the individual and society. Despite the… (More)