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The purpose of this study was to determine whether thermoplastic retainers need to be worn full-time for a limited period or whether part-time wear from the outset is adequate to maintain tooth position, arch form, and occlusion. This study was a randomized clinical trail, conducted in a district general hospital. Sixty-two participants were enrolled in the(More)
The objective was to determine the effect of three different methods of presenting information on the recall of information in orthodontic patients in the short and long term. Thirty orthodontic patients at the commencement of their treatment were allocated randomly to groups receiving supporting written information in one of the three formats: mind map,(More)
This article provides a contemporary view of external tooth whitening procedures currently available, with particular reference to bleaching. The various techniques and products are described, with their advantages, disadvantages, mode of action and the current legal stand-point discussed. The results of a British Orthodontic Society survey of Specialist(More)
A common orthodontic task is to correct anterior tooth position using brackets whose torque, tip and in-out are pre-adjusted. Bracket prescription greatly influences final aesthetics and function. Pre-adjusted orthodontic brackets have in-built prescriptions of torque, tip and in-out which are optimized for average cases. Refinement of tooth position can be(More)
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