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In light of a recent report that short-term treatment with valproic acid (VA) might accelerate the decay of the latent reservoir for HIV-1 in patients receiving combination therapy and allow eventual eradication of the infection, we studied patients with prolonged suppression of viremia who were receiving combination therapy and who had also been receiving(More)
Depressive illness in patients without traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease is associated with striking abnormalities of endothelial function and elevation of circulating markers of atherosclerosis propensity. Further studies are needed to define the mechanisms that underlie these observations.
OBJECTIVES To study the outcome of composite cystoplasty using cultured urothelial cells combined with de-epithelialized colon or uterus in a porcine surgical model, using appropriate controls, and to characterize the neo-epithelium created by composite cystoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS Urothelial cells were isolated and propagated in vitro from open(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can control HIV-1 replication, but suboptimal treatment allows for the evolution of resistance and rebound viremia. A comparative measure of antiviral activity under clinically relevant conditions would guide drug development and the selection of regimens that maximally suppress replication. Here we show that(More)
Published and unpublished data on the cultivation of P. carinii were reviewed by a panel of investigators convened by the National Institutes of Health. Although several cell culture systems allow propagation of P. carinii for a limited time with modest rates of replication, these have not proved adequate for isolation of P. carinii in sufficient quantity(More)
Loss of p53 function is a feature of many types of malignancy, including transitional-cell carcinoma (TCC), where it is associated with high-grade lesions and the development of muscle-invasive disease. Genotoxic agents used as part of the treatment strategy may contribute to tumour progression by inducing further non-lethal DNA damage in surviving cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if triage nurses could safely apply a set of clinical criteria, removing hard collars and spinal boards at initial triage assessment. METHODS The Nexus clinical decision rules were applied by trained triage nurses to patients who attended the department with cervical collars and/or on spinal boards. Patients were excluded if they(More)