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It is likely that heritable genetic factors contribute to the development of endometriosis, which is a putative precursor of the endometrioid and clear cell histological subtypes of ovarian cancer. The phase II glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of enzymes responsible for metabolism of a broad range of xenobiotics and carcinogens. Allelic(More)
Impaired galactose metabolism has been proposed as a risk factor for ovarian cancer and endometriosis, which is a putative precursor of endometrioid and clear cell histological sub-types of ovarian cancer. The prevalence of the most common galactose-I-phosphate uridyl transferase gene mutations, Q188R and N314D, was assessed in 206 women with ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Anorexia nervosa is highly prevalent among young women. OBJECTIVE To determine prevalence and predictive factors for regional bone loss. DESIGN Prospective cohort analysis. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS 130 women with anorexia nervosa. MEASUREMENTS Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS The prevalence of osteopenia (-1.0 SD(More)
Reverse transcription and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA in human placental tissue and cultured placental fibroblasts obtained during the first trimester of pregnancy. The primers for VEGF corresponded to areas in exon 4 and exon 8 of the VEGF gene. After one round of PCR three(More)
OBJECTIVE To initiate in vitro cultures of separate stromal and epithelial elements from endometriotic tissue and to compare the characteristics of these cells with those of cultured endometrial cells. DESIGN The study involved testing the viability of a culture system for endometriotic tissue and examination of the phenotype of the cells. SETTING Fresh(More)
We have purified and characterized polyclonal dog IgE. Serum IgE was precipitated by (NH4)2SO4 and then purified by two different procedures. Ion exchange on DEAE-Sephacel, followed by HPLC using Tonen hydroxylapatite and then Protein G-Sepharose, produced a highly purified IgE fraction (No. 1) free of IgG, IgA and IgM as measured by ELISA, but recovery of(More)
Granulosa cells were isolated from follicular aspirates collected at ovum recovery for in vitro fertilization. Cells were cultured in a defined medium on artificial extracellular matrix (Matrigel) in the presence or absence of hCG as a model for corpus luteum function. Release of cells from this culture system is reduced by hCG and this effect may be(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of the gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist goserelin, given by monthly subcutaneous injection for three months prior to total abdominal hysterectomy for uterine leiomyomata, on the pre-operative symptoms, difficulty of operation and operative blood loss. DESIGN Randomised placebo-controlled study. SETTING(More)
Human glandular endometrial epithelial cells were cultured on porous tissue culture inserts to form tight, confluent layers. These layers generated time-dependent modifications in the ionic composition of both apical and basolateral solutions. Increases in sodium and chloride concentrations in the basolateral fluid were accompanied by reciprocal decreases(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer comprises three major histological subtypes (serous, mucinous, and endometrioid), and it is becoming clear that the developmental pathways for these subtypes are fundamentally different. In particular, endometrioid ovarian cancers probably arise by the malignant transformation of ectopic endometrial implants called endometriosis(More)