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Corticothalamic projection systems arise from 2 main cortical layers. Layer V neurons project exclusively to higher-order thalamic nuclei, while layer VIa fibers project to both first-order and higher-order thalamic nuclei. During early postnatal development, layer VIa and VIb fibers accumulate at the borders of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN)(More)
In this review we discuss recent advances in the understanding of corticothalamic axon guidance; patterning of the early telencephalon, the sequence and choreography of the development of projections from subplate, layers 5 and 6. These cortical subpopulations display different axonal outgrowth kinetics and innervate distinct thalamic nuclei in a temporal(More)
We present an MRI-based anatomic analysis of a series of seven human brains with the semilobar form of holoprosencephaly. The analysis defines a set of common descriptors for a pattern of topological anomaly which is uniform for the set of seven brains. The core of the anomaly is a rostro-caudally aligned midline gray matter 'seam' that extends from the(More)
We present an MRI-based anatomic analysis of a series of 9 human brains, representing lobar, semilobar and alobar forms of holoprosencephaly. The analysis of these variable forms of the malformation is based upon a topologic systematics established in a prior analysis of a homogeneous set of semilobar malformations. This systematics has the dual advantage(More)
We have described the development of a flexible microelectrode array with potential applications in the large scale recording of neural signals and in focal electrical stimulation for use as a prosthetic implant in degenerative retinal diseases. The array under test consisted of 61 platinum electrodes of 5 µm diameter with 60 µm spacing connected by 8 µm(More)
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