Eleanor G. Zuhowski

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PURPOSE 17-(Allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG), a benzoquinone antibiotic, down-regulates oncoproteins by binding specifically to heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). We did a phase I study of 17AAG to establish the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose and to characterize 17AAG pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Purpose: 17-(Allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG) is a benzoquinone ansamycin compound agent that has entered clinical trials. Studies were performed in mice to: (1) define the plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and urinary excretion of 17AAG after i.v. delivery; (2) to define the bioavailability of 17AAG after i.p. and oral delivery; and(More)
PURPOSE Cisplatin adducts to nuclear DNA (nDNA) are felt to be the molecular lesions that trigger apoptosis, but the mechanism linking nDNA adduct formation and cell death is unclear. Some literature in the last decade has suggested a possible direct effect of cisplatin on mitochondria independent of nDNA interaction. In this study, we define separately the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicate that suramin may be an active agent for treatment of solid tumors. The clinical use of suramin is complicated by a broad spectrum of toxic effects and complex pharmacology. Studies have suggested that the dose-limiting neurotoxicity of this agent is closely related to sustained plasma drug concentrations of 350(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective was to establish the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and recommended phase II dose of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG) given twice a week. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Escalating doses of 17AAG were given i.v. to cohorts of three to six patients. Dose levels for schedule A (twice weekly x 3 weeks, every 4 weeks) were 100,(More)
O(6)-Benzylguanine (O(6)-BG), a potent inactivator of the DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), is presently in clinical trials combined with alkylating agents that modify the O(6) position of DNA guanine residues, i.e., 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea and temozolomide. Previous work demonstrated that O(6)-BG also enhances(More)
Histone modifications and DNA methylation are epigenetic phenomena that play a critical role in many neoplastic processes, including silencing of tumor suppressor genes. One such histone modification, particularly at H3 and H4, is methylation at specific lysine (K) residues. Whereas histone methylation of H3-K9 has been linked to DNA methylation and(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to (1) develop a population pharmacokinetic model for suramin; (2) use Bayesian methods to assess suramin pharmacokinetics in individual patients; (3) use individual patients' pharmacokinetic parameter estimates to individualize suramin dose and schedule and maintain plasma suramin concentrations within predetermined target ranges;(More)
Purpose: Because intraperitoneal (i.p.) therapy may provide a therapeutic advantage and because hyperthermia enhances carboplatin (CBDCA) cytotoxicity, we evaluated the feasibility, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of CBDCA given via continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion (CHPP) in patients with small-volume residual ovarian cancer. Patients and(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum-tolerated dose of paclitaxel with carboplatin with and without filgrastim support in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to investigate the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel and carboplatin and correlate these with the pharmacodynamic effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-six chemotherapy-naive(More)