Eleanor C. Weir

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Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) was discovered as a result of a search for the circulating factor secreted by cancers which causes the common paraneoplastic syndrome humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. Since the identification of the peptide in 1982 and the cloning of the cDNA in 1987, it has become clear that PTHrP is a prohormone that is(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) appears to play a major role in skeletal development. Targeted disruption of the PTHrP gene in mice causes skeletal dysplasia with accelerated chondrocyte maturation (Amizuka, N., H. Warshawsky, J.E. Henderson, D. Goltzman, and A.C. Karaplis. 1994. J. Cell Biol. 126:1611-1623; Karaplis, A.C., A. Luz, J. Glowacki,(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) was initially identified as a product of malignant tumors that mediates paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. It is now known that the parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTHrP genes are evolutionarily related and that the products of these two genes share a common receptor, the PTH/PTHrP receptor. PTHrP and the PTH/PTHrP(More)
Parathyroid hormone-like adenylate cyclase-stimulating activity (ACSA) has previously been identified in small numbers of tumors or tumor-conditioned tissue culture medium derived from patients or animals with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM). We examined the frequency with which this ACSA occurred in a large group of tumor extracts derived from(More)
Although colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) plays a key role in osteoclast recruitment, studies examining the effect of CSF-1 on mature osteoclasts indicate that it may directly inhibit bone resorption by isolated rat osteoclasts. To define further CSF-1's role in bone remodeling, we examined the effect of neutralizing antisera to CSF-1 on basal and(More)
Colony-stimulating factors (CSF) may play a role in bone resorption. To examine whether osteoblasts secrete colony-stimulating activity (CSA) in response to parathyroid hormone (PTH) and parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP), conditioned medium (CM) from ROS 17/2.8 cells and primary rat osteoblasts were examined for induction of clonal growth of(More)
Humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy is a common paraneoplastic syndrome which is characterized by hypercalcemia resulting from secretion by tumors of a circulating bone-resorbing factor. Evidence suggests that in many instances this factor is an adenylate cyclase-stimulating protein which shares features with, but is distinct from, parathyroid hormone(More)
Humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy is a common but incompletely understood syndrome in humans. In an effort to define an animal model of this syndrome, we studied the transplantable Rice-500 Leydig cell tumor in male Fisher rats. Animals were studied 4-9, 10-12, and 13-14 days after tumor transplantation. By days 13-14, tumor-bearing animals were(More)
The pharmacology of trimetrexate (JB-11, NSC 249008, 2,4-diamino-5-methyl-5-[(3,4,5-trimethoxyanilino)methyl]quinazoline), an antitumor agent effective against several mouse tumors, was studied in normal dogs. A high-performance liquid chromatographic technique with electrochemical detection, dihydrofolate reductase inhibition assay, and 14C-labeled drug(More)