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The expression of ribosomal protein and rRNA genes during Xenopus oogenesis results in the synthesis of sufficient ribosomes to support development of the swimming tadpole. cDNA clones for ribosomal proteins L13, L15, L23, and S22 have been isolated and used as probes to examine ribosomal protein gene transcripts during oogenesis and embryogenesis. Our(More)
The expression of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL97 open reading frame in infected or transfected cells in the presence of the antiherpes compound ganciclovir (GCV) results in the intracellular phosphorylation of GCV. There are conventional kinase domains within the UL97-encoded protein (pUL97). However, the role of pUL97 in the HCMV replication cycle,(More)
A "cleavage cassette" specifying a decapeptide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease cleavage site was introduced into six different locations of beta-galactosidase (beta-D-galactoside galactohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.23) in Escherichia coli. Four of these constructs retained beta-galactosidase activity despite the insertion of the cleavage cassette. Of(More)
The human cytomegalovirus UL80 open reading frame encodes protease and assembly protein from its N- and C-terminal regions, respectively. We reported previously that a 30-kDa protease is derived by autoproteolytic processing of a polyprotein which is the translation product of the entire UL80 open reading frame (E. Z. Baum, G. A. Bebernitz, J. D. Hulmes, V.(More)
The 45-kDa assembly protein of human cytomegalovirus is encoded by the C-terminal portion of the UL80 open reading frame (ORF). For herpes simplex virus, packaging of DNA is accompanied by cleavage of its assembly protein precursor at a site near its C terminus, by a protease encoded by the N-terminal region of the same ORF (F. Liu and B. Roizman, J. Virol.(More)
Poliovirus protease 3C, type 1 Mahoney strain, was expressed in Escherichia coli under phage T7 promoter control and purified to homogeneity from resolubilized inclusion bodies. The renatured protein was as enzymatically active as the protease found in the soluble portion of the bacterial lysate. Proteolytic activity was assayed using as substrate either(More)
Business is increasingly conducted in a global environment, not only in terms of markets but also design, production and service. It is therefore essential that engineering graduates have an orientation towards this globalization and are prepared to operate effectively within it. One manifestation of this new environment is the increasing need for engineers(More)
General and rapid methods were developed for determining the extent of non-covalent binding between small molecules and proteins, using the model system of human cytomegalovirus protease and several drug candidates which inhibit the protease by non-covalently binding to it. The assay was performed by off-line coupling of size-exclusion methods with mass(More)
Among the most potent inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus protease identified by random screening of a chemical library was 1,4-dihydro-7,8-dimethyl 6H-pyrimido[1,2-b]-1,2,4,5-tetrazin-6-one (1) (PTH2). The oxidized form (2), PT, which is present in solutions of PTH2, was shown to be the actual inhibitory species which irreversibly inactivates the protease;(More)
A symmetrically substituted disulfide compound, CL13933, was identified as a potent inhibitor of human cytomegalovirus UL80 protease. Two types of inhibited protease were observed, depending on inhibitor concentration. At high concentrations, CL13933 formed a covalent adduct with the protease on Cys residues. At lower concentrations, this compound induced(More)