Eldon J. Braun

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Birds maintain higher plasma glucose concentrations (P(Glu)) than other vertebrates of similar body mass and, in most cases, appear to store comparatively very little glucose intracellularly as glycogen. In general, birds are insensitive to the regulation of P(Glu) by insulin. However, there appears to be no phylogenetic or dietary pattern in the avian(More)
Patterns of glucose transporter expression have been well-characterized in mammals. However, data for birds is currently restricted to isolated cells, domestic chickens and chicks, and ducklings. Therefore, in the present study, protein and gene expression of various glucose transporters (GLUTs) in English sparrow extensor digitorum communis, gastrocnemius(More)
  • E J Braun
  • The American journal of physiology
  • 1978
Total kidney GFR's, urine flow, inorganic ion excretion, and single nephron glomerular filtration rates (SNGFRs) were evaluated in anesthetized starlings under control conditions (2.5% mannitol infusion) and in starlings subjected to an osmotic stress induced by the intravenous infusion of 5.8% sodium chloride. Under control conditions the GFR was 2.92(More)
Lipoxygenase (LOX) activity has been identified consistently during pathogen-induced defense responses. Here we report the involvement of a specific leaf LOX gene of potato (Solanum tuberosum), designated POTLX-3 (GenBank/EMBL accession no. U60202), in defense responses against pathogens. The sequence of POTLX-3 does not match any other LOX genes of potato(More)
Allometric equations provide a means of summarizing and relating the components of renal structure and function in water balance and osmotic regulation. These summary equations also serve as base lines for evaluating adaptations to stressful environments and for comparisons of kidney designs and osmotic strategies of ureotelic mammals and uricotelic birds.(More)
WRAUN, ELDON J., ~%LLCAM 1% J)ANTZLER. Function of mamunalian-type and reptilian-type nephrons in kidney of desert quail. Am. J. Physiol. 222(3): 617-629. I972.---Bird kidneys have mammaliantype (MT) as well as reptilian-type (RT) nephrons. Wholekidney and individual nephron functions were studied in the desert quail during a control diuresis and during 6%(More)
Birds and mammals can produce hyperosmotic urine, but their renal morphology and urine-concentrating mechanisms differ. To elucidate the countercurrent urine concentration mechanism in birds, we examined the structure and transport properties of the descending limb (DL) of Henle of mammalian-type nephrons in Japanese quail, Coturnix coturnix. In the avian(More)
Recently developed radioimmunoassay (RIA techniques were employed in a quantitative investigation of the renal actions of the avian antidiuretic hormone arginine vasotocin (AVT) in the conscious domestic fowl. Constant intravenous infusion of AVT at doses of 0.125-1.00 ng . kg-1 . min-1 was used to produce plasma AVT (PAVT) concentrations (verified by RIA)(More)
ABSTRACT Hydathodes of tomato leaves served as extremely efficient infection courts for the bacterial canker pathogen, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. Chlorotic lesions developed at the tips of leaflet lobes about 2 weeks after inoculation of guttation droplets. Lesions expanded along the leaflet margins and became necrotic. Movement of C.(More)
Studies of prolonged avian flight have shown it to require large amounts of energy supplied mainly by free fatty acids (FFA). In the present study, the high levels of plasma ketone bodies found in sparrows (2.58 mmol l(-1)) are supportive of the use of fatty acids for flight. To determine the nature of fatty acid (oleic acid, OA) uptake, various(More)