Elda Sparrelid

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease remains an important complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). We studied viral load kinetics and correlated the viral load and other transplant factors with the development of CMV disease. DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 162 consecutive patients who were CMV seropositive or had CMV(More)
Immune globulin for intravenous use (IVIG) has been used in many inflammatory conditions due to its immunomodulatory potential. The effector mechanisms are incompletely understood. This study dealt with the effects of IVIG on cytokine production in vitro. Cytokine synthesis was identified at the single-cell level using cytokine-specific MAb and indirect(More)
Episodes of bacteraemia during the aplastic phase were studied in 500 allogeneic bone marrow (BMT) recipients, regarding incidence, microbial aetiology, risk factors, mortality and causes of death. One hundred and sixty-four patients (33%) had at least one positive blood culture. Gram-positive cocci (α-streptococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci) were(More)
BACKGROUND Several preventive strategies against cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease have been developed during the last decade. These have frequently been used in combination, and it has been difficult to identify each strategy's contribution. METHODS Risk factors for CMV disease, death in CMV disease and transplant-related mortality were analyzed in 584(More)
Six patients underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) because of severe Gaucher disease. Their ages was from 2 to 9 years at the time of transplantation. The donors were 4 HLA-identical siblings, a father with one incompatible HLA antigen and an HLA-A, -B, and -DR-identical unrelated donor. Among the donors, three were heterozygous for(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a serious complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). The likelihood of PTLD is increased in the presence of specific risk factors. Monitoring of EBV DNA load and early administration of rituximab in patients with high EBV loads is(More)
A total of 161 patients transplanted between 1978 and 1991 and who had survived at least 2 years after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were studied. Of 161 surviving patients, 28 (17.4%) were positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) either by serology or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Twenty-five patients were positive for HCV RNA by PCR, and 26(More)
Artemether-lumefantrine is currently first-line therapy of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in many countries. This report describes a treatment failure despite adequate drug concentrations in a traveller returning from sub-Saharan Africa. Genotyping confirmed recrudescence and suggested reduced sensitivity. Potential sub-optimal effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of serious respiratory infections in hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. We aimed to determine the frequency, risk factors, and outcome of RSV infection in allo-HSCT recipients. DESIGN AND METHODS Data were collected from 275 allo-HSCT recipients and identified 32 patients(More)
The prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) stresses the need for automatic surveillance in order to follow the effect of preventive measures. A number of detection systems have been set up for several languages, but none is known for Swedish hospitals. We plan a series of infection type specific programs for detection of HAI in electronic(More)