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Fecund polyps from a bottlebrush-shaped colony of black coral Cupressopathes pumila (Brook 1889) from Ambon Island (Maluku Archipelago, Indonesia) were studied at the structural and ultrastructural levels. Five fragments, each 5 cm long and containing about 60 polyps, were cut from a single parental colony. The fragments underwent different treatments: two(More)
Antarctic sponges may host large populations of planktonic and benthic diatoms. After settling on the sponge, these diatoms enter its body through pinacocytes (1) and form, there, large mono- or pauci-specific assemblages. Yet the total amount of carbohydrates in the invaded sponge tissue is inversely correlated with that of chlorophyll-a. We suggest,(More)
Recent ultrastructural investigations on Odonata antennal flagellum describe two types of sensilla styloconica, T1 and T2. The styloconic sensilla are located in pits, at the bottom of deep cavities, and share common features typical of thermo-hygroreceptors. In order to ascertain if the Odonata antennae are involved in hygroreception and thermoreception,(More)
In recent years, several episodes of mass mortality of sessile epibenthic invertebrates, including sponges, have been recorded worldwide. In the present study, we report a disease event on Ircinia variabilis recorded in September 2009 along the southern Adriatic and Ionian seas (Apulian coast), with the aim to quantify the mortality incidence on the sponge(More)
The two freshwater sponges Ephydatia fluviatilis and Ephydatia mülleri belong to the widespread Spongillidae family. Their morphological tracts are very similar and can be distinguished mainly on the basis of their gemmuloscleres. However, when gemmules are absent it is essential to have an unambiguous species attribution for a population genetic study(More)
Lake Piediluco (Central Italy) displays a discontinuous reed-belt along its shore, the dominant macrophyte being Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steud., the reeds of which support the growth of the spongeEphydatia fluviatilis (L.). Samplings were carried out at ten stations located along the reed-belt with the aim of investigating the ‘consortium’,(More)
An overview of larval antennal sensilla in hemimetabolous and holometabolous water-living insects is given by updating current knowledge on the fine structure of these sensory systems. In the absence of successful electrophysiological studies, the possible function of sensilla is deduced from their architecture. Various kinds of sensilla are described in(More)
Black coral colonies belonging to Antipathella subpinnata (Myriopathidae), found in Adriatic Sea (off the Tremiti Islands) and in Tyrrhenian Sea (Mezzo Canale), were inspected with the aim of investigating their reproductive activity. The small colony (about 42 cm tall) from Adriatic Sea was sexually immature, whereas the larger (about 120 cm tall) five(More)
Ultrastructural and electrophysiological (single-cell recordings) investigations were carried out on the coeloconic sensilla borne by the apical antenna of the larvae of Libellula depressa (Odonata: Libellulidae). These sensilla appear as pegs located in pits. One of them is a compound sensillum constituted of two fused pegs in a common pit and the other(More)
Malpighian tubules proper are connected to the gut by ducts called trunks, the organization of which is described at ultrastructural level in the nymphs of various mayfly species, namely Ecdyonurus venosus (Heptageniidae), Ephemerella ignita (Ephemerellidae), Choroterpes picteti (Leptophlebiidae), and Caenis luctuosa (Caenidae). Trunks are luminal tubes(More)