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We used two mouse models of Huntington's disease (HD) to examine changes in glutamate receptor sensitivity and striatal electrophysiology. One model, a transgenic, consisted of mice expressing exon 1 of the human HD gene and carrying 141-157 CAG repeat sequences (R6/2 line). The second model, a CAG repeat "knockin," consisted of mice with different lengths(More)
Discharge properties in response to intracellularly applied, rectangular currents were measured in units of the mid (lateralis dorsalis and centrolateral nuclei) and posterolateral (lateralis posterior and pulvinar nuclei) thalamus of conscious cats. A separate aim was to determine if neuronal excitability changed in association with changes in(More)
Cell swelling induced by activation of excitatory amino acid receptors is presumably the first step in a toxic cascade that may ultimately lead to cell death. Previously we showed that bath application of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or kainate (KA) produces swelling of neostriatal cells. The present experiments examined modulation of NMDA and KA-induced(More)
The properties of neuronal spike potentials ranging from 20 to 60 mV in size were studied in stable recordings made from the motor cortex of unanesthetized, unparalyzed cats. Histologic evidence that injection of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was confined to single neurons and appropriately high levels of potassium measured with K+ ion-sensitive electrodes(More)
Recordings of activity were made from 647 single units of the A(I) cortex of awake cats to evaluate behavioral state-dependent changes in the population response to a 70-dB click. Averages of PST histograms of unit activity were used to assess the changes in response. This report focuses on slow components of the responses disclosed by averages employing(More)
The effects on input resistance (Rm) of extracellular iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh) and of intracellular iontophoresis of cyclic GMP (cGMP) were studied in neurons of the coronal-pericruciate cortex of awake cats. Control studies were also conducted including iontophoresis of saline extracellularly and 5'-GMP intracellularly. (1) Substantial(More)
Single electrode voltage clamp recordings were made during Pavlovian conditioning of single units of the motor cortex of cats. Units that developed a conditioned spike discharge in response to a click conditioned stimulus (CS) after pairing the click with glabella tap and local ionophoretic application of glutamate showed increases in input resistance and(More)
Effects of acetylcholine (ACh) on membrane currents of cells of the motor cortex were measured directly, in vivo, in awake cats using single electrode voltage clamp (SEVC) techniques. Extracellular applications (90-95 nA) of 2 M ACh for periods of 30 s or less produced significant decreases in net outward currents elicited by depolarizing commands whereas(More)
Intracellular recordings were obtained from 212 neurons of the coronal pericruciate cortex of 7 awake, untrained cats. Glass microelectrodes, filled with K+ citrate alone or K+ citrate with either cyclic GMP or 5'-GMP were used for recording and for injecting steady depolarizing and hyperpolarizing currents intracellularly. The effects of rectangular(More)