Elaine Tat Lam

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PURPOSE Mutations in the RET proto-oncogene and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) activity are critical in the pathogenesis of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor targeting Ret and VEGFR, showed antitumor activity in preclinical studies of MTC. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase II trial of sorafenib in(More)
Lamotrigine (LTG) is one of the newer antiepileptic drugs which has been shown to have a spectrum of drug interactions (including with other epilepsy drugs) that can have a pronounced effect on LTG kinetics. The present study examined the LTG metabolic inhibition dose-response relationship with valproic acid (VPA) in eight patients with epilepsy with a view(More)
The NCCN Guidelines for Kidney Cancer provide multidisciplinary recommendations for the clinical management of patients with clear cell and non-clear cell renal carcinoma. These NCCN Guidelines Insights highlight the recent updates/changes in these guidelines, and updates include axitinib as first-line treatment option for patients with clear cell renal(More)
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) account for 95% of testicular cancers. Testicular GCTs constitute the most common solid tumor in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years, and the incidence of testicular GCTs has been increasing in the past 2 decades. Testicular GCTs are classified into 2 broad groups--pure seminoma and nonseminoma--which are treated differently.(More)
Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are the most common first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma, high-dose interleukin-2 (HD-IL2) remains the only agent that provides durable complete responses. The optimal sequence of these agents remains uncertain. This retrospective multi-institutional study examined the safety and efficacy of HD-IL2(More)
BACKGROUND The type 3 Dearing reovirus (Reolysin) is a naturally occurring virus that preferentially infects and causes oncolysis in tumor cells with a Ras-activated pathway. It induces host immunity and cell cycle arrest and acts synergistically with cytotoxic agents. METHODS This study evaluated Reolysin combined with paclitaxel and carboplatin in(More)
PURPOSE Cixutumumab, formerly IMC-A12, is a recombinant human monoclonal immunoglobulin G1 antibody that targets insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR). Cixutumumab was synergistic with castration in a hormone-sensitive prostate cancer xenograft model. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with new metastatic prostate cancer were randomly assigned within(More)
The human facial nucleus can be sub-divided into five structurally discrete regions. Immunohistochemistry was used to locate various neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the neurons and nerve fibres of the human facial nucleus at 14 and 27 weeks of gestation and in the neonate. Whilst choline acetyltransferase-positive neurons were observed in the facial(More)
PURPOSE Cabozantinib is an inhibitor of kinases, including MET and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, and has shown activity in men with previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This blinded phase III trial compared cabozantinib with prednisone in patients with mCRPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Men with progressive(More)