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PURPOSE Mutations in the RET proto-oncogene and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) activity are critical in the pathogenesis of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor targeting Ret and VEGFR, showed antitumor activity in preclinical studies of MTC. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase II trial of sorafenib in(More)
Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are the most common first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma, high-dose interleukin-2 (HD-IL2) remains the only agent that provides durable complete responses. The optimal sequence of these agents remains uncertain. This retrospective multi-institutional study examined the safety and efficacy of HD-IL2(More)
INTRODUCTION A needle knife is often used to gain bile duct access when standard techniques have failed. If unsuccessful, the next step may involve either radiological- or endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary access. However, repeat endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may be an option if the patient's clinical condition permits. AIM To(More)
The NCCN Guidelines for Kidney Cancer provide multidisciplinary recommendations for the clinical management of patients with clear cell and non-clear cell renal carcinoma. These NCCN Guidelines Insights highlight the recent updates/changes in these guidelines, and updates include axitinib as first-line treatment option for patients with clear cell renal(More)
Lamotrigine (LTG) is one of the newer antiepileptic drugs which has been shown to have a spectrum of drug interactions (including with other epilepsy drugs) that can have a pronounced effect on LTG kinetics. The present study examined the LTG metabolic inhibition dose-response relationship with valproic acid (VPA) in eight patients with epilepsy with a view(More)
PURPOSE First-in-man study of KOS-1584, a second generation epothilone. METHODS Patients with advanced solid malignancies received KOS-1584 every 3 weeks until disease progression. Using a modified Fibonacci dose escalation scheme, one patient was enrolled at each dose level until the first instance of grade 2 toxicity. Thereafter, a standard 3 + 3 design(More)
PURPOSE Cabozantinib is an inhibitor of kinases, including MET and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, and has shown activity in men with previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This blinded phase III trial compared cabozantinib with prednisone in patients with mCRPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Men with progressive(More)
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) account for 95% of testicular cancers. Testicular GCTs constitute the most common solid tumor in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years, and the incidence of testicular GCTs has been increasing in the past 2 decades. Testicular GCTs are classified into 2 broad groups--pure seminoma and nonseminoma--which are treated differently.(More)
PURPOSE Cixutumumab, formerly IMC-A12, is a recombinant human monoclonal immunoglobulin G1 antibody that targets insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR). Cixutumumab was synergistic with castration in a hormone-sensitive prostate cancer xenograft model. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with new metastatic prostate cancer were randomly assigned within(More)