Elaine Richardson

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OBJECTIVE To examine the economic benefits and costs of routine vaccination of children younger than 5 years of age against pneumococcal otitis media and pneumonia with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. STUDY DESIGN A decision-analytic model of the cumulative numbers of cases and costs to age 10 years of acute otitis media (AOM), tympanostomy and(More)
Non-invasive methods of assessing animal health and life history are becoming increasingly popular in wildlife research; hair samples from polar bears (Ursus maritimus), are being used to study an ever broader range of anthropogenic and endocrine compounds. A number of contaminants are known to disrupt endocrine function in polar bears. However, the(More)
One of us (Rogen, 1957) has reported a patient in whom extensive cardiographic abnormalities were associated with massive urticaria, the abnormalities being of short duration and clearing with rapid recovery from the urticaria. Her condition is summarized shortly as Case 2. The first patient reported here as Case 1 had associated mild urticaria only, but(More)
PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty nine keratoplasties were performed in 18 eyes of 17 patients with severe corneal destructive disease. RESULTS One eye became phthisical and 5 others lost useful visual acuity but retained a satisfactory cosmetic result. No eyes were enucleated. Recurrence of the host disease in the graft was the largest cause of visual failure.(More)
2 Background: The MA.17 trial demonstrated that extended adjuvant endocrine therapy with letrozole after 5-y of tamoxifen markedly reduced the risk of recurrence in women with ER+ early stage breast cancer. This trial provides an opportunity to assess the ability of biomarkers to predict late recurrences in ER+ breast cancer. The Breast Cancer Index (BCI),(More)
Lidocaine vaginal bioadhesive gel is being developed as a local anesthetic for use in minimally invasive outpatient gynecological procedures and was investigated in single-dose and multiple-dose studies in healthy young adult women. Lidocaine doses of 2.5%, 5%, and 10% (w/w) were administered, and parent drug and metabolites monoethylglycinexylidide and(More)
Introduction It is well established that intra-root canal bacterial infection is the primary causative factor in apical periodontitis(1,2,3). A surgical retrograde root canal re-treatment (SRRCR) approach to root canals with persistent apical periodontitis is an accepted treatment method when conventional nonsurgical orthograde root canal treatment (NSORCT)(More)
Method Only single-rooted teeth from the anterior maxillary and mandibular sextants were included within this audit. All treatment cases included within these audit cycles were assessed, treatment-planned and treated in accordance within the guidelines set by the strict surgical protocol determined in Part One of this series. Exclusion factors from the(More)
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