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Deletion mutagenesis experiments have demonstrated that the binding site of the beta-adrenergic receptor involves the hydrophobic core of the protein (Dixon, R. A. F., Sigal, I. S., Rands, E., Register, R. B., Candelore, M. R., Blake, A. D., and Strader, C. D. (1987) Nature 326, 73-77). Single amino acid replacements for the conserved Asp79 and Asp113(More)
The adenylate cyclase system, which consists of a catalytic moiety and regulatory guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, provides the effector mechanism for the intracellular actions of many hormones and drugs. The tissue specificity of the system is determined by the particular receptors that a cell expresses. Of the many receptors known to modulate(More)
Leukotrienes, the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid, have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory responses, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis. Recently a compound, MK-886, has been described that blocks the synthesis of leukotrienes in intact activated leukocytes, but has little or no effect on enzymes involved in leukotriene(More)
Several proteins have been shown to be post-translationally modified on a specific C-terminal cysteine residue by either of two isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway metabolites, farnesyl diphosphate or geranylgeranyl diphosphate. Three enzymes responsible for protein isoprenylation were resolved chromatographically from the cytosolic fraction of bovine brain: a(More)
The functional significance of conserved polar amino acids within the putative transmembrane region of the beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) was examined by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis of the hamster gene encoding beta AR and expression of the mutant genes in COS-7 cells. Although a substitution of aspartate at position 113 with an asparagine(More)
Farnesyl:protein transferase (FPTase) inhibitors (FTIs) were originally developed as potential anticancer agents targeting the ras oncogene and are currently in clinical trials. Whereas FTIs inhibit the farnesylation of Ha-Ras, they do not completely inhibit the prenylation of Ki-Ras, the allele most frequently mutated in human cancers. Whereas(More)
The beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) contains significant amounts of N-linked carbohydrate. Deletion mutants spanning the four consensus glycosylation sites on the receptor and single amino acid substitutions within the two amino-terminal consensus glycosylation sites reveal that both the amino-terminal sites are utilized. None of the(More)
On the basis of the homology between the amino acid sequences of the beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) and the opsin proteins we have proposed that the ligand binding domain lies within the seven transmembrane hydrophobic regions of the protein, which are connected by hydrophilic regions alternatively exposed extracellularly and intracellularly. We have(More)
Farnesyl protein transferase (FPTase) catalyzes the first of a series of posttranslational modifications of Ras required for full biological activity. Peptidomimetic inhibitors of FPTase have been designed that selectively block farnesylation in vivo and in vitro. These inhibitors prevent Ras processing and membrane localization and are effective in(More)
The farnesyltransferase inhibitor L-744,832 selectively blocks the transformed phenotype of cultured cells expressing a mutated H-ras gene and induces dramatic regression of mammary and salivary carcinomas in mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-v-Ha-ras transgenic mice. To better understand how the farnesyltransferase inhibitors might be used in the treatment(More)