Elaine M Murphy

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BACKGROUND TO THE DEBATE Uganda is one of the few African countries where rates of HIV infection have fallen, from about 15 percent in the early 1990s to about five percent in 2001. At the end of 2005, UNAIDS estimated that 6.7 percent of adults were infected with the virus. The reasons behind Uganda's success have been intensely studied in the hope that(More)
The present study examined the predictive effects of five impulsivity-like traits (Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation Seeking, Negative Urgency, and Positive Urgency) on driving outcomes (driving errors, driving lapses, driving violations, cell phone driving, traffic citations, and traffic collisions). With a convenience sample of 266 college student(More)
The miracle of modem medicine is not so much its efficacy as its popularity in the face of the lack of it. Of course it is true that the amazing technical feats of twenty-first-century pharmacologists, immunologists and molecular biologists legitimately dazzle us today, but the vast majority of a doctor's time is spent treating patients with self-limiting(More)
In this article, the author explores how gender inequity is manifested in poor reproductive and mental health outcomes, including unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, sexually transmitted infections, depression, and psychosomatic symptoms. Briefly described is a landmark 1994 United Nations conference emphasizing that gender inequity(More)
One of the best examples of the validity of the theory of "diffusion of innovations" is the case of family planning in developing countries. The desire of health, development and environment advocates in rich countries to make modern contraceptive use and lower fertility a norm in developing countries was translated into organized efforts to reach top-level(More)