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Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) generates the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, which plays a critical role in maintenance of blood pressure in mammals. Although significant ACE activity is found in plasma, the majority of the enzyme is bound to tissues such as the vascular endothelium. We used targeted homologous recombination to create mice expressing a(More)
Mammals produce two isozymes of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Somatic ACE plays an important role in the control of blood pressure. The function of testis ACE, produced by male and germ cells, is not known. To examine the roles of these isozymes, we used targeted homologous recombination to introduce a modified ACE allele into a mouse line. Mice(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc peptidase that plays a major role in the renin-angiotensin system. In mammals, the enzyme is present as two isozymes: a somatic form involved in blood-pressure regulation and a testis form of unknown function. Mice lacking ACE have been created and shown to have low systolic blood pressures and defects in renal(More)
Hepatic expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 is regulated by insulin and glucocorticoids. To study underlying mechanisms, rat hepatocytes in primary culture were transfected with deletion mutants and heterologous promoter constructs, identifying a 41 bp region of the rat insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 promoter which is(More)
Testis angiotensin-converting enzyme (testis ACE), an ACE isozyme that plays an important role in male fertility, is transcribed from a unique promotor active only in developing spermatids. In vitro analysis suggests the importance of a cyclic AMP response element (CRE)-like region within the testis ACE promoter, and similar DNA motifs are important in the(More)
Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mediates recruitment of leukocytes to endothelial cells and is implicated in many inflammatory conditions. Since part of the signal transduction pathway that regulates the activation of VCAM-1 expression is redox-sensitive, compounds with antioxidant properties may have inhibitory effects on VCAM-1 expression.(More)
Novel chalcone derivatives have been discovered as potent inhibitors of TNF-alpha-induced VCAM-1 expression. Thienyl or benzothienyl substitution at the meta-position of ring B helps boost potency while large substitution at the para-position on ring B is detrimental. Various substitutions are tolerated on ring A. A lipophilicity-potency relationship has(More)
Four types of chromosomes with a deletion between the human embryonic zeta and psi zeta globin genes were identified among 2.8% of 321 Black Americans from Georgia. Two deletions of approximately 11 kb which differed by about 300 bp occurred on chromosomes with or without a polymorphic Xba I site 5' to the zeta globin gene [(X+) or (X-)]. The deletions are(More)
Starting from a simple chalcone template, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies led to a series of carboxylated, heteroaryl-substituted chalcone derivatives as novel, potent inhibitors of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression. Correlations between lipophilicity determined by calculated logP values and inhibitory efficacy were(More)
The pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, is regulated, at least in part, by modulation of oxidation-reduction (redox) homeostasis and the expression of redox-sensitive inflammatory genes including adhesion molecules, chemokines, and cytokines. AGIX-4207(More)