Elaine L. Shelton

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Twist1 is a bHLH transcription factor that regulates cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation in embryonic progenitor cell populations and transformed tumor cells. While much is known about Twist1's function in a variety of mesenchymal cell types, the role of Twist1 in endocardial cushion cells is unknown. Twist1 gain and loss of function(More)
While recent work has implicated Tbx20 in myocardial maturation and proliferation, the role of Tbx20 in heart valve development remains relatively unknown. Tbx20 expression was manipulated in primary avian endocardial cells in order to elucidate its function in developing endocardial cushions. Tbx20 gain of function was achieved with a Tbx20-adenovirus, and(More)
Mesothelium is the simple squamous epithelium covering all abdominal organs and the coeloms in which those organs reside. While the structural characteristics of this cell type were documented a century ago, its potential in development, disease, and wound healing is only now becoming apparent. In the embryo, mesothelia provide vasculogenic cells for the(More)
Clinicians regularly transplant omental pedicles to repair a wide variety of injured tissues, but the basic mechanism underlying this efficacious procedure is not understood. One possibility that has not been addressed is the ability of omentum to directly contribute regenerative cells to injured tissues. We hypothesized that if omental progenitor cells(More)
Mesothelia, which cover all coelomic organs and body cavities in vertebrates, perform diverse functions in embryonic and adult life. Yet, mesothelia are traditionally viewed as simple, uniform epithelia. Here we demonstrate distinct differences between visceral and parietal mesothelia, the most basic subdivision of this tissue type, in terms of gene(More)
Sepsis is strongly associated with patency of the ductus arteriosus (PDA) in critically ill newborns. Inflammation and the aminoglycoside antibiotics used to treat neonatal sepsis cause smooth muscle relaxation, but their contribution to PDA is unknown. We examined whether: 1) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or inflammatory cytokines cause relaxation of the ex(More)
The uterine myometrium (UT-myo) is a therapeutic target for preterm labor, labor induction, and postpartum hemorrhage. Stimulation of intracellular Ca2+-release in UT-myo cells by oxytocin is a final pathway controlling myometrial contractions. The goal of this study was to develop a dual-addition assay for high-throughput screening of small molecular(More)