Elaine Huston

Learn More
The disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is a candidate susceptibility factor for schizophrenia, but its mechanistic role in the disorder is unknown. Here we report that the gene encoding phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) is disrupted by a balanced translocation in a subject diagnosed with schizophrenia and a relative with chronic psychiatric illness. The(More)
Cardiac myocytes have provided a key paradigm for the concept of the compartmentalized cAMP generation sensed by AKAP-anchored PKA. Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) provide the sole route for degrading cAMP in cells and are thus poised to regulate intracellular cAMP gradients. PDE3 and PDE4 represent the major cAMP degrading activities in rat ventriculocytes. By(More)
The cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE4) isoform PDE4A5 interacted with the immunophilin XAP2 in a yeast two-hybrid assay. The interaction was confirmed in biochemical pull-down analyses. The interaction was specific, in that PDE4A5 did not interact with the closely related immunophilins AIPL1, FKBP51, or FKBP52. XAP2 also did not interact with(More)
The cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE) HSPDE 4A4B(pde46) selectively bound SH3 domains of SRC family tyrosyl kinases. Such an interaction profoundly changed the inhibition of PDE4 activity caused by the PDE4-selective inhibitor rolipram and mimicked the enhanced rolipram inhibition seen for particulate, compared with cytosolic pde46 expressed in COS7(More)
We identify a compartmentalized signaling system that identifies a functional role for the GTP exchange factor, exchange protein activated by cAMP (EPAC) coupled to Rap2 in the nucleus. In this system, cAMP regulates the nuclear/cytoplasmic trafficking of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), a critical kinase that acts to repair double-stranded breaks(More)
Vascular endothelial cell (VEC) permeability is largely dependent on the integrity of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin or VE-Cad)-based intercellular adhesions. Activators of protein kinase A (PKA) or of exchange protein activated by cAMP (EPAC) reduce VEC permeability largely by stabilizing VE-Cad-based intercellular adhesions. Currently, little(More)
5'-Rapid amplification of cDNA ends, done on poly(A)+ RNA from human U87 cells, was used to identify 420 bp of novel 5' sequence of a PDE4B cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE). This identified an open reading frame encoding a putative 721-residue 'long-form' PDE4B splice variant, which we term HSPDE4B3. HSPDE4B3 differs from the two known PDE4B forms by(More)
Transfection of COS7 cells with a plasmid encoding the human cyclic AMP-specific PDE4A phosphodiesterase PDE-46 (HSPDE4A4B) led to the expression of a rolipram-inhibited PDE4 activity, which contributed approximately 96% of the total COS cell PDE activity. A fusion protein was generated which encompassed residues (788-886) at the extreme C terminus of(More)
Isoproterenol challenge of Hek-B2 cells causes a transient recruitment of the endogenous PDE4D isoforms found in these cells, namely PDE4D3 and PDE4D5, to the membrane fraction. PDE4D5 provides around 80% of the total PDE4D protein so recruited, although it only comprises about 40% of the total PDE4D protein in Hek-B2 cells. PDE4D5 provides about 80% of the(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is a molecular hub that regulates protein synthesis in response to a number of extracellular stimuli. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is considered to be an important second messenger that controls mTOR; however, the signaling components of this pathway have not yet been elucidated. Here, we identify cAMP(More)