Elaine Fultz

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Metabolites of atrazine were measured in human urine after dermal exposure using HPLC to separate and identify metabolites and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) to quantify them. Ring-labeled [14C]atrazine was applied for 24 h with a dermal patch to human volunteers at low (0.167 mg, 6.45 muCi) and high (1.98 mg, 24.7 muCi) doses. Urine was collected for(More)
DNA adduction in rodents at doses equivalent to human dietary exposure (10(4)-10(6)-fold lower than laboratory studies) is being studied using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). AMS is a nuclear physics technique for detection of cosmogenic isotopes and has been used for specifically selecting and counting 14C. Using AMS, DNA adducts are detectable at(More)
To investigate a method to reduce the amount of mutagenic/carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amines formed during frying of ground beef, the mutagenic activity in Salmonella strain TA98 was assessed and the amount of known heterocyclic amines was determined by solid-phase extraction and HPLC. The beef patties received microwave treatment for various times(More)
To identify the precursors and elucidate the reaction conditions that yield heterocyclic amine mutagens in cooked meat products and fish, we have used a supernatant 2 (S2) fraction prepared from H2O-homogenized lean round steak. Compounds (MW less than 500) in S2 are the sources of the microsomal-dependent, Salmonella TA 1538 mutagenic activity in open(More)
In the last 15 years or so pensions systems have become one of the most important topics of debate in transition countries. At the first level discussions were waged concerning the material position of the pensioners and the sustainability of the system; at the level of principle about the manner of financing pensions, dilemmas concerning private and public(More)
Potent mutagenic and carcinogenic heterocyclic amines are produced from heated food derived from muscle. These compounds are present at part-per-billion levels and consist primarily of the amino-imidazoazaarene class of chemicals. Additional mutagens present in the meat are not as clearly characterized. Commercial fried-beef patties (hamburgers) have low(More)
The food mutagen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) forms adducts to DNA guanine bases at the C-8 position. No other DNA adduction site has been verified for PhIP, nor has any experimental data been collected on the conformation of the PhIP-DNA covalent complex. To determine if multiple PhIP-DNA adduct species exist, or if PhIP-DNA(More)
2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) is a heterocyclic amine mutagen found in cooked meats and is carcinogenic in mice and rats at high doses (mg/kg body wt). Humans, however, are exposed to low amounts (p.p.b.) in the diet, and the effects caused by exposure to human equivalent doses of MeIQx have been difficult to determine accurately. We(More)