Elaine Cristina Soares Martins

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The genus Xanthomonas is a diverse and economically important group of bacterial phytopathogens, belonging to the gamma-subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac) causes citrus canker, which affects most commercial citrus cultivars, resulting in significant losses worldwide. Symptoms include canker lesions, leading to(More)
Huanglongbing (HLB), an insect-transmitted disease of citrus, known for many years in Asia and Africa, has appeared in the state of São Paulo State (SSP), Brazil, in 2004, and the state of Florida, USA, in 2005. HLB endangers the very existence of citrus, as trees infected with the bacterial pathogen, irrevocably decline. In the absence of curative(More)
In February 2007, sweet orange trees with characteristic symptoms of huanglongbing (HLB) were encountered in a region of São Paulo state (SPs) hitherto free of HLB. These trees tested negative for the three liberibacter species associated with HLB. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product from symptomatic fruit columella DNA amplifications with universal(More)
In Brazil 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' and 'Ca. L. americanus' cause huanglongbing (also known as greening), the most destructive citrus disease. A shift in pathogen prevalence was observed over time, with a disproportional increase in 'Ca. L. asiaticus' occurrence. Graft transmission experiments were used for a comparative study of both species(More)
Forensic odontology and anthropology provide valuable support with regard to human identification. In some cases, when soft tissue is destroyed, carbonized or absent for whatever reason, bones and teeth become the only source of information about the identity of the deceased. In human identification, anything different, such as variation from normality,(More)
Liberibacter spp. form a Rhizobiaceae clade of phloem-limited pathogens of limited host range. Two obligately parasitic species have been sequenced: 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', which causes citrus huanglongbing (HLB) worldwide, and 'Ca. L. solanacearum', which causes potato "zebra chip" disease. A third (proposed) species, Liberibacter crescens,(More)
Duplications of the alimentary tract are rare malformations. A case of a 2-year-old girl with an intestinal intussusception caused by a cystic duplication of the cecum is presented. This case report is justified by its clinical features and the difficult diagnosis, which was only confirmed during surgery. Ultrasonography had documented an abdominal mass(More)
A 3-year-old male was beaten by his stepfather, resulting in a lesion of the third portion of the duodenum that was treated with an occlusive suture of the pyloric mucosa for pyloric exclusion and a gastric-jejunal anastomosis with a double jejunostomy for alimentation with a good result, no serious complications, and relatively a short hospitalization.(More)