Elaine Cristina Gavioli

Learn More
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), the endogenous ligand of the NOP receptor, regulates several central functions such as pain transmission, learning and memory, fear and anxiety and feeding and locomotor activity. It has been recently reported that NOP receptor antagonists induce antidepressant-like effects in the mouse forced swimming test (FST), i.e. reduce(More)
Ketamine is a non-competitive antagonist to the phencyclidine site of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Clinical findings point to a rapid onset of action for ketamine on the treatment of major depression. Considering that classic antidepressants may take long-lasting time to exhibit their main therapeutic effects, the present study aims to compare the(More)
Major depression is characterized for symptoms at the psychological, behavioral and physiological levels. The chronic mild stress model has been used as an animal model of depression. The consumption of sweet food, locomotor activity, body weight, lipid and protein oxidation levels and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in the rat hippocampus,(More)
The excellent pharmacological profile displayed by the selective nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide (NOP) receptor antagonist SB-612111 [(-)-cis-1-methyl-7-[[4-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)piperidin-1-yl]methyl]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-benzocyclohepten-5-ol] in vitro prompted us to investigate the actions of this compound in vivo. In the mouse tail withdrawal(More)
Several studies have supported the idea that ionotropic glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA) is an important player in the etiology of psychopathologies, such as anxiety disorders and major depression. Additionally, studies have shown that ketamine induces antidepressant effects in humans as well as in rodents subjected to animal models of(More)
Receptor antagonist and knockout studies have demonstrated that blockade of signalling via nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP) has antidepressant-like effects in mice submitted to the forced swimming test (FST). The aim of the present study was to explore further the antidepressant-like properties of the NOP antagonist UFP-101 in different(More)
Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a recently discovered peptide which induces hyperlocomotion, anxiolysis and wakefulness. This study aimed to compare behavioral and biochemical effects of NPS with amphetamine (AMPH), and diazepam (DZP). To this aim, the effects of NPS (0.01, 0.1 and 1 nmol, ICV), AMPH (2 mg/kg, IP) and DZP (1 mg/kg, IP) on locomotion and oxidative(More)
Many studies point toward the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and the N/OFQ peptide receptor (NOP) as targets for the development of innovative drugs for treating affective disorders. It has been reported that the activation of NOP receptors produces anxiolytic-like effects in rodents in a large series of behavioral assays, i.e., elevated plus maze,(More)
A growing body of evidence has pointed to the blockade of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of major depression. The present study was aimed to evaluate behavioural and molecular effects of the chronic treatment with ketamine and imipramine in rats. To this aim, rats were 14 days treated(More)
Knockout and pharmacological studies have shown that delta opioid peptide (DOP) receptor signalling regulates emotional responses. In the present study, the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological profile of the DOP ligand, H-Dmt-Tic-NH-CH(CH2-COOH)-Bid (UFP-512) was investigated. In receptor binding experiments performed on membranes of CHO cells expressing(More)