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The design, implementation, and capabilities of an extensible visualization system, UCSF Chimera, are discussed. Chimera is segmented into a core that provides basic services and visualization, and extensions that provide most higher level functionality. This architecture ensures that the extension mechanism satisfies the demands of outside developers who(More)
MODBASE (http://salilab.org/modbase) is a relational database of annotated comparative protein structure models for all available protein sequences matched to at least one known protein structure. The models are calculated by MODPIPE, an automated modeling pipeline that relies on the MODELLER package for fold assignment, sequence-structure alignment, model(More)
Structural modeling of macromolecular complexes greatly benefits from interactive visualization capabilities. Here we present the integration of several modeling tools into UCSF Chimera. These include comparative modeling by MODELLER, simultaneous fitting of multiple components into electron microscopy density maps by IMP MultiFit, computing of small-angle(More)
The seven transmembrane helices of serpentine receptors comprise a conserved switch that relays signals from extracellular stimuli to heterotrimeric G proteins on the cytoplasmic face of the membrane. By substituting histidines for residues at the cytoplasmic ends of helices III and VI in retinal rhodopsin, we engineered a metal-binding site whose occupancy(More)
The biological activities of proteins depend on specific molecular recognition and binding. Computational methods for predicting binding modes can facilitate the discovery and design of ligands and yield information on the factors governing complementarity. The DOCK suite of programs has been applied to several systems; here, the degree of orientational(More)
BACKGROUND Comparing related structures and viewing the structures in the context of sequence alignments are important tasks in protein structure-function research. While many programs exist for individual aspects of such work, there is a need for interactive visualization tools that: (a) provide a deep integration of sequence and structure, far beyond(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) activation mediated by ligand-induced structural reorganization of its helices is poorly understood. To determine the universal elements of this conformational switch, we used evolutionary tracing (ET) to identify residue positions commonly important in diverse GPCRs. When mapped onto the rhodopsin structure, these trace(More)
Gene trapping is a method of generating murine embryonic stem (ES) cell lines containing insertional mutations in known and novel genes. A number of international groups have used this approach to create sizeable public cell line repositories available to the scientific community for the generation of mutant mouse strains. The major gene trapping groups(More)
With an increasing interest in RNA therapeutics and for targeting RNA to treat disease, there is a need for the tools used in protein-based drug design, particularly DOCKing algorithms, to be extended or adapted for nucleic acids. Here, we have compiled a test set of RNA-ligand complexes to validate the ability of the DOCK suite of programs to successfully(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a large family of seven-transmembrane-helix proteins that mediate responses to hormones, neurotransmitters and, in the case of rhodopsin, photons. The recent determination of the structure of rhodopsin at atomic resolution opens avenues to a deeper understanding of GPCR activation and transmembrane signaling. Data(More)