Elaine C. M. Hunter

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This review aims to clarify the use of the term 'dissociation' in theory, research and clinical practice. Current psychiatric definitions of dissociation are contrasted with recent conceptualizations that have converged on a dichotomy between two qualitatively different phenomena: 'detachment' and 'compartmentalization'. We review some evidence for this(More)
BACKGROUND Depersonalisation disorder is a poorly understood and underresearched syndrome. AIMS To carry out a large and comprehensive clinical and psychopathological survey of a series of patients who made contact with a research clinic. METHOD A total of 204 consecutive eligible referrals were included: 124 had a full psychiatric examination using(More)
BACKGROUND Symptoms of depersonalisation (DP) and derealisation (DR) are increasingly recognised in both clinical and non-clinical settings, but their importance and underlying pathophysiology is only now being addressed. METHODS This paper is a systematic review of the current state of knowledge about the prevalence of depersonalisation and derealisation(More)
Depersonalisation (DP) and derealisation (DR) are subjective experiences of unreality in, respectively, one's sense of self and the outside world. These experiences occur on a continuum from transient episodes that are frequently reported in healthy individuals under certain situational conditions to a chronic psychiatric disorder that causes considerable(More)
AIMS To examine demographic and clinical features of a group of patients reporting chronic depersonalization (DP) following illicit drug use, and to assess whether depersonalization arising in these circumstances constitutes a distinct clinical syndrome. DESIGN Case-control comparison using self-reports, standardized questionnaires and clinical(More)
Symptoms of depersonalisation (DP) and derealisation (DR) are increasingly recognised in both clinical and non-clinical settings, but their importance and underlying pathophysiology is only now being addressed. This paper is a systematic review of the current state of knowledge about the prevalence of depersonalisation and derealisation using computerised(More)
Depersonalisation (DP) and derealisation (DR) are subjective experiences of unreality in, respectively, one's sense of self and the outside world. These experiences occur on a continuum from transient episodes that are frequently reported in healthy individuals to a chronic psychiatric disorder that causes considerable distress (depersonalisation disorder:(More)
Depersonalization syndrome is characterised by a sense of unreality about the self [depersonalization (DP)] and/or the outside world [derealization (DR)]. Prevalence estimates vary widely. Little is known about childhood antecedents of the disorder although emotional abuse is thought to play a role. Longitudinal data from 3,275 participants of a UK(More)
Previous work has shown that patients with depersonalization disorder (DPD) have reduced physiological responses to emotional stimuli, which may be related to subjective emotional numbing. This study investigated two aspects of affective processing in 13 patients with DPD according to the DSM-IV criteria and healthy controls: the perception of emotional(More)
Twenty-eight people diagnosed with depersonalisation disorder (DD) were assessed using self-report measures of imagery ability in relation to a range of symptoms and in comparison with age- and sex-matched controls. It was found that symptoms of depersonalisation as well as other dissociative symptoms and depressed mood correlated with impaired ability to(More)