Elaine Berger

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A direct in vitro effect of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) was demonstrated on bone and cartilage cell energy metabolism. Sex-specific stimulation by E2 and testosterone was shown in diaphyseal bone of weanling rats. E2 (30 nM) caused, within 24 hr, a 70-200% increase in creatine kinase (CK; ATP:creatine N-phosphotransferase, EC specific activity in ROS(More)
Incorporation of [35S]-sulfate into cartilage tissue indicates the synthesis of aggrecan, the large aggregating proteoglycan (PG) that endows cartilage with resistance to compression. Scintillation counting of tissue digests provides a quantitative measure of incorporated sulfate but does not provide information on the spatial location of synthesis within(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the importance of locally released or paracrine myocardial tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the evolution of postischemic myocardial dysfunction and to use immunohistochemical studies to localize TNF-alpha within the myocardium. BACKGROUND TNF-alpha is implicated as a systemic mediator in the development of(More)
We have established previously that rat bone tissue, as well as rat and human-derived bone cells in culture, show a sex-specific response to gonadal steroids in stimulation of the specific activity of the BB isozyme of creatine kinase (CK) and DNA synthesis. This response could be modified by manipulation of the endocrine environment during early stages in(More)
Selective intracellular receptor antagonists are used clinically to ameliorate hormone-dependent disease states. Patients with Cushing's syndrome have high levels of the glucocorticoid, cortisol, and suffer significant consequences from this overexposure. High levels of this hormone are also implicated in exacerbating diabetes and the stress response.(More)
The osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) was characterized recently in regenerating bone marrow (BM) and normal serum. In vitro, the OGP regulates stromal-cell proliferation and differentiated functions. In vivo, an increase in serum OGP accompanies the osteogenic phase of postablation BM regeneration. The present results in normal mice show that OGP induces a(More)
Humanized monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are the fastest growing class of biological therapeutics that are being developed for various medical indications, and more than 30 mAbs are already approved and in the market place. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is an important biological function attributed to the mechanism of action of several(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that chondrocyte death by apoptosis may play a role in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis, but the results of in-vivo and in-vitro investigations have been conflicting. To investigate further the cell death in our in-vitro model for traumatic joint injury, we performed a quantitative analysis by(More)