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We have shown previously that estradiol stimulates cell proliferation and progesterone receptor (PgR) synthesis in luminal epithelial cells of the normal human breast. Approximately 10-15% of luminal epithelial cells within the normal breast express immunodetectable estrogen receptor (ER), but little is known about their distribution within lobules and(More)
We have conducted a clinical trial of a novel pure antiestrogen, 7 alpha-[9-(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentylsulfinyl)nonyl]estra-1,3,5,(1 0)-triene-3,17 beta-diol (ICI 182780), to assess its tolerance, pharmacokinetics, and short term biological effects in women with primary breast cancer. Fifty-six patients were randomized to either a control group (n = 19),(More)
Women referred to a familial breast cancer clinic completed questionnaires before and after counselling and at annual follow-up to assess their risk estimate and psychological characteristics. The aims were to determine whether those who attended the clinic overestimated their risk or were highly anxious and whether counselling influenced risk estimates and(More)
The effect of ingestion of oral contraceptives (OCP) on cell proliferation and oestrogen (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression of the epithelial cells of the normal human breast was compared with findings in controls not taking OCPs. Histologically normal breast tissue was removed during operation for fibroadenoma or reduction mammoplasty in 216(More)
In order to resolve the question of which ovarian steroid stimulates normal human mammary epithelial cell proliferation, we have implanted pieces of normal human breast tissue subcutaneously into athymic nude mice. These mice were then treated with slow-release pellets containing estradiol (E2) or progesterone (P) such that serum levels of E2 and P were(More)
How do the new endocrine therapies stand up to the aims of modern endocrine therapy outlined in Table 1? We wish to see increased efficacy, decreased toxicity and improved general health in women taking a new agent. None of the new non-steroidal anti-oestrogens have shown unequivocal evidence of improved efficacy in the clinic to mirror their improved(More)
7Alpha-[9-(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentylsulfinyl)-nonyl]estra-1,3,5, (10)-triene-3,17beta-diol (ICI 182,780; Faslodex) is a novel steroidal antiestrogen. This partially blind, randomized, multicenter study compared the effects of single doses of long-acting ICI 182,780 with tamoxifen or placebo on estrogen receptor (ERalpha) and progesterone receptor (PgR)(More)
Recently it has been shown that epithelial cell expression of the estrogen receptor (ER) and that of the proliferation-associated marker Ki-67 are almost mutually exclusive in the normal premenopausal human breast but that coexpression frequently occurs in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancers. This coexpression may indicate disordered expression(More)
Women with a family history of breast cancer are commonly offered regular clinical or mammographic surveillance from age 30. Data on the efficacy of such programmes are limited. Clinical, pathological and outcome data were recorded on all breast and ovarian cancers diagnosed within familial breast cancer surveillance programmes at collaborating centers in(More)
Dedicated clinics have been established for the early diagnosis and treatment of women at risk for inherited breast cancer, but the effects of such interventions are currently unproven. This second report on prospectively diagnosed inherited breast cancer from the European collaborating centres supports the previous conclusions and adds information on(More)