Eladio A. Nunez

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The interactions of human Sex steroid binding protein (SBP) and the lignans [Nordihydrogaiaretic acid (NDGA) enterolactone (Ent), enterodiol (End)] and isoflavonoid phytoestrogens [Equol (Eq), diazein Dad), genistein (Gen)] were studied. The phytoestrogens had different dose-dependent inhibitory effects on steroid binding by SBP. Their relative efficiencies(More)
Fatty acids released from membrane phospholipids by cellular phospholipases or available to the cell from the extracellular environment are important cell signalling molecules. Fatty acids can act as second messengers involved in the transduction of external signals because their concentrations are rapidly and transiently altered in response to the binding(More)
The variations in oestrogen levels which occur in men with septic shock were determined and analysed in terms of the changes seen in the levels of other steroid hormones of testicular and adrenal origin. The concentrations of the hormones, oestrone (E1), oestradiol (E2), testosterone (T), delta 4-androstenedione (delta 4), cortisol (F) and progesterone (P4)(More)
Interest in the field of neuroimmunoendocrinology is in full expansion. With regard to this, steroid influence on the immune system, in particular sex steroids and glucocorticoids, has been known for a long time. Sex steroids are part of the mechanism underlying the immune sexual dimorphism, as particularly emphasized in autoimmune diseases.(More)
The serum levels of cortisol, progesterone, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate, androstenedione (delta 4), testosterone (T), estrone, and estradiol of HIV+ men and HIV- men were determined by radioimmunoassay. The cortisol, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, and estrone levels of all HIV+ subjects were 35-55% (p less than(More)
Stimulating lipase activity with heparin (200 IU/kg b.w.) increased the plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentration of immature rats (15 days). The effect of this elevated FFA concentration on glucocorticoid binding to corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), and liver cytosol glucocorticoid receptor (GR), was analyzed. The plasma FFA concentration increased(More)
We investigated the serum concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA), cholesterol, phopholipids and triglycerides in HIV-positive men (n = 50) from three behaviour groups: heterosexuals (n = 16), drug addicts (n = 18) and homosexuals (n = 16) and a control group of HIV-negative men (n = 25). The circulating concentrations of lipids were analyzed with(More)
BACKGROUND A syndrome of lipodystrophy, associated with hypertriglyceridaemia, hypercholesterolaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and peripheral insulin resistance has been reported in protease inhibitor (PI)-treated HIV-infected patients. Because lipid metabolism, fat mass distribution and insulin resistance are partly regulated by steroid hormones, we questioned(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) like arachidonic (C20:4) and docosahexaenoic (C22:6) acids are essential for harmonious fetal development. This study evaluates, at near term, the distributions of free fatty acids (FFA) and their fetal carrier protein, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the maternal (M) and fetal circulation (umbilical arteries (A) and vein (V)),(More)