Elad Salomons

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Following the events of September 11, 2001, in the United States, world public awareness for possible terrorist attacks on water supply systems has increased dramatically. Among the different threats for a water distribution system, the most difficult to address is a deliberate chemical or biological contaminant injection, due to both the uncertainty of the(More)
[1] A methodology extending the Cross Entropy combinatorial optimization method originating from an adaptive algorithm for rare events simulation estimation, to multiobjective optimization of water distribution systems design is developed and demonstrated. The single objective optimal design problem of a water distribution system is commonly to find the(More)
An effective biological early warning system for the detection of water contamination should employ undemanding species that rapidly react to the presence of contaminants in their environment. The demonstrated reaction should be comprehensible and unambiguously evidential of the contamination event. This study utilized 96h post fertilization zebrafish(More)
Zhengfu Rao (corresponding author) School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK Tel.:+44 1793 816 359 Fax: +44 1793 812 089 E-mail: raoz@halcrow.com Elad Salomons Grand Water Research Institute, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 3200, Israel This paper presents a new(More)
This work contributes a modeling framework to characterize the effect of cyber-physical attacks (CPAs) on the hydraulic behavior of water distribution systems. The framework consists of an attack model and a MATLAB toolbox named epanetCPA. The former identifies the components of the cyber infrastructure (e.g., sensors or programmable logic controllers) that(More)
Optimal sensor placement for detecting contamination events in water distribution systems is a well explored problem in water distribution systems security. We study herein the problem of sensor placement in water networks to minimize the consumption of contaminated water prior to contamination detection. For any sensor placement, the average consumption of(More)
In the past decades, bioassays and whole-organism bioassay have become important tools not only in compliance testing of industrial chemicals and plant protection products, but also in the monitoring of environmental quality. With few exceptions, such test systems are discontinuous. They require exposure of the biological test material in small units, such(More)
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