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Cells of various types release small membrane vesicles called microparticles (MP) on their activation, as well as during the process of apoptosis. The properties and roles of MP generated in different contexts are diverse and are determined by their parent cell and the pathway of their generation, which affects their content. MP are involved in multiple(More)
Platelets contain chemo-attractants and mitogens that have a major role in tissue repair. Therefore we hypothesised that tissue regeneration secondary to activation of endogenous neural stem cells (eNSC) can be enhanced by delivering platelets to the ischaemic brain. To examine these potential therapeutic effects we injected platelet-poor plasma (PPP),(More)
Monitoring the expression of therapeutic genes in targeted tissues in disease models is important to assessing the effectiveness of systems of gene therapy delivery. We applied a new light-detection cooled charged-coupled device (CCCD) camera for continuous in vivo assessment of commonly used gene therapy delivery systems (such as ex vivo manipulated cells,(More)
Activated platelets shed microparticles, which contain a variety of growth factors central to angiogenesis and neurogenesis. The aim of this study was to explore whether platelet derived microparticles (PMP) can boost endogenous neural stem cells dependent repair mechanisms following stroke in a rat model. To examine the effects of PMP therapy in-vivo, we(More)
Melanocortins appear to be involved as regulators in an ever growing number of physiological processes in cells and tissues of diverse functions. While such trends are apparent also in the case of other peptide hormones, it appears that melanocortin receptors can be regarded as unique among G-protein-linked receptors due to their special need for(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), fluvoxamine and citalopram, that markedly differ in their level of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 inhibition, on the laboratory response to clopidogrel, a prodrug requiring metabolism by the CYP system, and especially CYP2C19, to produce its active form. DESIGN(More)
Platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) are elevated in a number of disorders (e.g. cardiovascular disease and cancer). In the present study, we have carried out a high-resolution 2-DE-based proteomic analysis of PMP originated following platelet activation with different stimulus. Flow cytometric analysis revealed a higher average number of microparticles(More)
Regeneration of the salivary glands' (SGs) normal function for patients with cancer of the head and neck treated with irradiation would be a major contribution to their quality of life. This could be accomplished by re-implantation of autologous SG cells into the residual irradiated tissue or by implantation of tissue-engineered artificial SGs. Both methods(More)
Salivary glands (SGs) are considered exocrine glands, which mainly secrete water into the oral cavity. Nevertheless, they also exhibit a smaller endocrine secretory pathway toward the bloodstream. The concept of an artificial SG device for exocrine fluid secretion into the oral region in xerostomic patients has been previously studied. The purpose of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the growth and key functional abilities of primary cultures of salivary epithelial cells toward developing an artificial salivary gland. Cultures of epithelial cells originating from submandibular glands of BALB/c mice were established. Parenchymal cells were isolated by a Percoll gradient technique and thereafter(More)