El-Wui Loh

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This article presents the proceedings of a symposium held at the meeting of the International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism (ISBRA) in Mannheim, Germany, in October, 2004. Chronic alcoholism follows a fluctuating course, which provides a naturalistic experiment in vulnerability, resilience, and recovery of human neural systems in response to(More)
We analyzed two polymorphisms in genes encoding proteins of the dopamine system, the Val158Met polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene and the 120-bp VNTR polymorphism in the promoter of the dopamine D4 receptor gene for association with methamphetamine abuse. We used a case/control design with 416 methamphetamine abusing subjects and 435(More)
Five candidate genes, the receptors DRD2, DRD3, HTR2A and GABA(A)gamma2, and the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) were analyzed for association with heroin abuse. We examined three polymorphisms (promoter - 141DeltaC, Ser311Cys, and TaqI) in the DRD2 gene, one polymorphism (Ser9Gly) in the DRD3 gene, two polymorphisms (promoter - 1438G/A and T102C) in the(More)
It is not clear why some methamphetamine (MAMP) abusers develop psychotic symptoms, while others use MAMP regularly over long periods and remain unscathed. We tested the hypotheses that those users who develop MAMP-induced psychosis (MIP) have greater familial loading for psychotic disorders than users with no psychosis. Four hundred forty-five MAMP users(More)
Patients with schizophrenia have a higher risk of developing metabolic abnormalities and their associated diseases. Some studies found that the accumulative number of metabolic syndrome components was associated with the severity of metabolic abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of the ADRA1A, ADRA2A, ADRB3, and 5HT2A genes in(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies report reduced serotonin (5HT) in alcohol-dependent subjects. Furthermore, alcohol increases 5HT in animals. Thus, alcohol dependence may be an attempt to self-medicate reduced 5HT. Relevant to this, reducing 5HT increases carbohydrate intake, and several studies report increased carbohydrate intake in alcohol-dependent subjects.(More)
Chronic alcohol misuse by human subjects leads to neuronal loss in regions such as the superior frontal cortex. Reduced GABA transmission may mediate this. The expression of GABA(A) receptor beta(1), beta(2), and beta(3) isoform proteins was analyzed by western blotting in vulnerable (superior frontal cortex) and spared (primary motor cortex) cortical(More)
Studies have shown that minor physical anomalies (MPAs) may be associated with schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether any items of MPAs are more associated with schizophrenia than the others. We aimed to examine which specific MPAs are more associated with schizophrenia than others. A total of 154 patients with schizophrenia and 152 healthy(More)