El Hassan Hamdani

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Recent developments in the functional anatomy and physiology of the fish olfactory system reveal three parallel pathways from the sensory epithelium, via the olfactory bulb to the telencephalon. There are three morphological types of sensory neurones spread in a seemingly overlapping arrangement in the olfactory epithelium. The axons of each type of sensory(More)
In the olfactory system of vertebrates, a large number of primary sensory neurons terminate in glomeruli in the olfactory bulb, where they make synapses with a significantly smaller number of secondary neurons. We applied small amounts of a lipophilic neural tracer (Dil) in the glomerular regions of the lateral olfactory bulb in crucian carp, and(More)
The olfactory tract in crucian carp (Carassius carassius) is divided into three distinct bundles: the lateral tract (LOT) and the lateral (lMOT) and medial (mMOT) bundles of the medial tract. The LOT has been shown to mediate information associated with feeding behavior, whereas the mMOT mediates information associated with alarm response. The role of the(More)
Experiments were performed to investigate which bundle of the olfactory tract was essential for mediating feeding behaviour in crucian carp. Fish were divided in three groups: control fish, fish with only the lateral olfactory tracts (LOTs) intact and fish with the LOTs cut. The fish were maintained in physiological saline after surgery to preserve the(More)
Approximately 25% of patients who undergo kidney transplantation develop HLA-specific antibodies, the strength of which has not been previously correlated with graft failure. The strength of these de novo antibodies is investigated in this study. Serial dilution of strong HLA-specific allo-antibodies (up to 1:25,600) and testing with HLA-antigen-coated(More)
Activation of NMDA receptor requires two co-agonists, glutamate and glycine. Despite its intrinsic role in brain functions molecular mechanisms involved in glutamate replenishment and identification of the origin of glycine have eluded characterization. We have performed direct measurements of glycine flux by SN2 (Slc38a5; also known as SNAT5), executed(More)
Molecular mechanisms involved in the replenishment of the fast neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA are poorly understood. Glutamine sustains their generation. However, glutamine formation from the recycled transmitters is confined to glial processes and requires facilitators for its translocation across the glial and neuronal membranes. Indeed, glial(More)
To study the projection of a special type of sensory neuron called crypt cells in the olfactory system in crucian carp, Carassius carassius, we applied the neural tracer 1,1-dilinoleyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) in the olfactory bulb (OB). Small crystals of DiI were applied in a small area at the synaptic region at the ventral(More)
Experiments were performed to determine which bundles of the olfactory tracts were essential for mediating alarm reaction in crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.). The fish were maintained in physiological saline after surgery to preserve the remaining tracts and postoperative inspections revealed the functionality of the intact tracts. Operations on the(More)
Studies on projection of the sensory neurons onto the olfactory bulb in fish have revealed a clear subdivision into spatially different areas that each responded specifically to different classes of odorants. Amino acids induce activity in the lateral part, bile salts induce activity in the medial part, and alarm substances induce activity in the posterior(More)