Elżbieta Ziemińska

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Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor in neurodegeneration. It has been suggested that apart from disturbances in methylation processes, the mechanisms of this effect may include excitotoxicity mediated by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In this study we demonstrate that apart from NMDA receptors, also group I metabotropic glutamate receptors(More)
Elevated homocysteine is a risk factor in cardiovascular diseases and neurodegeneration. Among the putative mechanisms of homocysteine-evoked neurotoxicity, disturbances in methylation processes and NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity have been suggested. Our previous studies demonstrated that group I metabotropic glutamate receptors along with NMDA(More)
Rat cerebral nonsynaptic mitochondria were incubated in medium containing 2 mM glutamine (Gln) or 2 mM glutamate (Glu), in the presence of a Gln uptake inhibitor histidine (His) as well as other basic amino acids, lysine and arginine (Lys, Arg) not inhibiting Gln uptake. Subsequently, the mitochondrial contents of Glu and Gln were determined by HPLC.(More)
Exposure of rat cerebral mitochondria to 2-10 mM glutamine (Gln) for 20 min, produced a concentration-dependent, gradual decrease of light scattering reflecting mitochondrial swelling. The light scattering decreasing effect of 5 mM Gln was attenuated by 0.5 microM cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT) induction.(More)
One of the forms of phosphate activated glutaminase (PAG) is associated with the inner mitochondrial membrane. It has been debated whether glutamate formed from glutamine in the reaction catalyzed by PAG has direct access to mitochondrial or cytosolic metabolism. In this study, metabolism of [U-13C]glutamine (3 mM) or [U-13C]glutamate (10 mM) was(More)
This in vivo microdialysis study compared the effects of NMDA and d,l-homocysteine (Hcy) administered via dialysis medium on 45Ca efflux from prelabeled rabbit hippocampus. Application of these agonists evoked dose-dependent, and sensitive to MK-801, opposite effects: NMDA decreased the 45Ca radioactivity in the dialysate, whereas Hcy induced the release of(More)
Thimerosal (TH), an ethylmercury complex of thiosalicylic acid has been used as preservative in vaccines. In vitro neurotoxicity of TH at high nM concentrations has been reported. Although a number of toxicological experiments demonstrated high affinity of mercury to thiol groups of the extracellular amino acids and proteins that may decrease concentration(More)
Dantrolene is an inhibitor of a skeletal muscle subtype of ryanodine receptors that stabilizes intracellular calcium concentrations and exerts neuroprotective effects in neurons submitted to excitotoxic challenges. The mechanisms of dantrolene-induced neuroprotection are not clear. In this study, using a model of cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons, we(More)
BACKGROUND Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a toxic brominated flame retardant. Previous studies have demonstrated that exposure of primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule cells (CGC) to ≥ 10 μM TBBPA induces toxicity and excitotoxicity, and the underlying mechanism may involve calcium imbalance and oxidative stress. Here we examined whether the(More)
Although the interactions of several natural bastadins with the RyR1 isoform of the ryanodine receptor in sarcoplasmic reticulum has been described, their structure-dependent interference with the RyR2 isoform, mainly expressed in cardiac muscle and brain neurons, has not been studied. In this work, we examined calcium transients induced by natural bastadin(More)