Elżbieta Szmidt-Sałkowska

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether quantitative EEG may be useful in differential diagnosis of AD and SVD and to determine the correlation between dementia and abnormalities in EEG. MATERIALS AND METHODS The group under study was consisted of 62 patients with AD (mean age: 73.6 yrs; M 51%), 31 with SVD (mean age: 75.2 yrs, M 43%) and a control group of 14(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to determine if the results of visual and quantitative EEG (QEEG) parameters reveal a correlation with mental impairment in subcortical vascular dementia (SVD), one of the most frequent causes of cognitive impairment in the elderly. In SVD, like in Alzheimer's disease disturbances were found in cholinergic transmission.(More)
The aim of the study was to analyse the diagnostic value of blink reflex (BR) in motor neuron disease (MND). We studied 25 patients with MND including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in 18 patients, primary muscular atrophy (PMA) in 4 patients, and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) in 3 patients and 12 healthy volunteers. The blink reflex was obtained in(More)
BACKGROUND The main hypotheses regarding mechanisms of transient global amnesia (TGA) are ischemia in hippocampal structures, epileptic genesis, and migraine. In accordance with the hypothesis of a shared, common pathophysiological mechanism in both TGA and migraine, neuromuscular transmission (NMT) abnormalities previously found in migraine were also(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to analyse electromyographic changes in Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) that are atypical for myopathy. Our special interest was focused on high amplitude polyphasic motor unit potentials (MUPs), also termed irregular MUPs. METHODS We studied 21 EDMD patients with the diagnosis based on clinical data, DNA(More)
Botulism is an acute form of poisoning caused by one of four types (A, B, E, F) toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, ananaerobic, spore forming bacillus. Usually diagnosis of botulism is considered in patients with predominant motor symptoms: muscle weakness with intact sensation and preserved mental function. We report a case of 56-year-old Caucasian(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In recently published reports, electrophysiological findings were analysed, in some facioscapulo-humeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) cases without genetic disease confirmation. In several reports, some electrophysiological findings were described, not specific for myopathy. The aim of study was to analyse electrophysiological findings(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze motor unit reorganization in different types of progressive muscular dystrophies and congenital myopathies. The study population consisted of patients with genetically verified progressive muscular dystrophies: Duchenne (DMD) (n=54), Becker (BMD) (n=30), facio-scapulo-humeral (FSHD) (n=37), and Emery-Dreifuss (E-DD)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE At present, more than 20 different forms of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are known (at least 7 autosomal dominant and 14 autosomal recessive). Although these different forms show some typical phenotypic characteristics, the existing clinical overlap makes their differential diagnosis difficult. Limb-girdle muscular(More)
The aim of present study was to analyse the motor unit (MU) changes in progressive muscle dystrophy (PMD) and in inflammatory myopathy (IM) and to evaluate eventual neurogenic factors in MU reorganisation. The material consisted of 20 patients with (PMD), 20 patients with (IM) and 20 healthy age-matched volunteers. The shape of concentric needle motor unit(More)